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土耳其政变:镇压行动牵连人数已超4.5万人

2016-07-21    来源:BBC    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

小编打开今日头条的时候,除了美国政坛川普夫人的抄袭闹剧之外,世界仍然动荡不平。土耳其政变余波未平,清算继续进行当中,据官方统计目前该事件牵连人数已超过4.5万人。自古以来叛变都是极其严重的罪行,毫无疑问叛变者将会为此付出巨大的代价,不是你死我亡就是头破血流。好忧伤!总有些人不想好好过日子,就是得折腾的世界不太平才安心~

      BBC详细新闻:

  More than 50,000 people have been rounded up, sacked or suspended from their jobs by Turkey's government in the wake of last week's failed coup.

 

  The purge of those deemed disloyal to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan widened on Tuesday to include teachers, university deans and the media.

 

  The government says they are allied to US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen, who denies claims he directed the uprising.

 

  PM Binali Yildirim said the preacher led a "terrorist organisation".

 

  "We will dig them up by their roots," he told parliament.

 

  Turkey is pressing the US to extradite Mr Gulen and the issue was raised during a phone call between US President Barack Obama and President Erdogan on Tuesday, the White House said.

 

  Spokesman Josh Earnest said a decision on whether or not to extradite would be made under a treaty between the two countries.

 

  Who's the target of Erdogan's purge?

 

  Cleric Gulen condemns post-coup 'witch-hunt'

 

  How mobiles beat tanks and saved Erdogan

 

  Who was behind coup attempt?

 

  Why did Turkish coup plot fail?

 

  A Turkish government spokesman suggested that the US should be able to extradite the cleric "on grounds of suspicion" rather than requiring facts of the case against him.

 

  "There is very strong suspicion for his [Gulen's] involvement in this coup attempt. So this is sufficient grounds," said spokesman Ibrahim Kalin.

 

  For his part, Mr Gulen says claims he was behind the coup attempt are "ridiculous".

 

  "I urge the US government to reject any effort to abuse the extradition process to carry out political vendettas," he said in a statement.

 

  在上周一场未能成功的政变后,目前已经有45000人在土耳其政府的镇压行动中被拘捕、解雇或停职。

 

  清洗行动在周二(7月19日)继续扩大,被认为是对总统雷杰普·塔伊普·埃尔多安(Recep Tayyip Erdogan)不忠的人群涉及到了教师、大学校长和传媒。

 

  政府声称,这些人是身在美国的宗教精神领袖法图拉·葛兰(Fethullah Gulen)的同盟,但葛兰否认自己指挥了颠覆行动。

 

  土耳其总理比纳利·耶伊尔德勒姆(Binali Yildirim)称,葛兰牧师领导了一个“恐怖主义组织”。

 

  “我们会将他们连根拔起,”他告诉土耳其国会说。

 

  土耳其正在向美国施压,要求引渡葛兰。白宫表示,周二美国总统贝拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obama)和埃尔多安通电话时也谈到了这一问题。

 

  白宫发言人乔什·厄内斯特(Josh Earnest)说,将会根据两国之间的条约协议决定是否引渡。

 

  土耳其政府发言人表示,美国应该能够以“嫌疑为理由”引渡葛兰,而不是要求获悉所有对他指控的事实证据。

 

  “他有很重大的嫌疑,可能与这场意图政变有关。那这就是充分的理由了,”土耳其发言人易卜拉辛·卡林(Ibrahim Kalin)说。

 

  至于葛兰,他自己则表示,说他是意图政变的幕后主谋是“荒谬”的。

 

  “我促请美国政府拒绝任何滥用引渡程序进行政治报复的意图,”他在一份声明中说。

 

  President Erdogan is due to chair meetings of his national security council and cabinet in the capital, Ankara, on Wednesday, after returning to the city for the first time since the attempted coup.

 

  The BBC's Nick Thorpe in Ankara says that the meeting will be the president's first chance since the coup attempt to sit and talk in person with all key members of the government and armed forces.

 

  Mr Erdogan's task is to re-impose stability amid the turmoil, our correspondent adds, and to reassure the country and Turkey's allies abroad that he is not embarking on a witch-hunt against his many critics.

 

  The Pentagon said that talks also took place on Tuesday between Defence Secretary Ash Carter and his Turkish counterpart, regarding the Incirlik air base in southern Turkey.

 

  The base is used by the US-led coalition fighting so-called Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

 

  Meanwhile, the Turkish government crackdown widened on Tuesday to include the education sector and government departments.

 

  Turkish media announced that:

 

  15,200 teachers and other education staff had been sacked

 

  1,577 university deans were ordered to resign

 

  8,777 interior ministry workers were dismissed

 

  1,500 staff in the finance ministry had been fired

 

  257 people working in the prime minister's office were sacked

 

  Turkey's media regulation body on Tuesday also revoked the licences of 24 radio and TV channels accused of links to Mr Gulen.

 

  The news came on top of the arrests of more than 6,000 military personal and the sackings of nearly 9,000 police officers. About 3,000 judges have also been suspended.

 

  The removal of thousands of officials has alarmed international observers, with the UN urging Turkey to uphold the rule of law and defend human rights.

 

  五角大楼表示,两国的国防部长也进行了谈话,商讨有关土耳其南部英吉利克空军基地(Incirlik air base)的问题。

 

  该基地是为美国所领导的联军在叙利亚及伊拉克对抗所谓“伊斯兰国”(IS)的行动服务,在意图政变发生后一度停电。

 

  与此同时,土耳其政府的镇压的行动在周二扩大,包括教育系统和政府部门都受到牵连。

 

  土耳其媒体宣布:

 

  15200名教职员工已被解雇

 

  1577名大学校长被下令辞职

 

  8777名内政部工作人员被解散

 

  1500名财政部门工作人员被解雇

 

  257名在总理办公室工作的人员被解雇

 

  土耳其的媒体监管机构在周二也注销了24家电台和电视台频道的执照,它们被指与葛兰有关。

 

  在此之前,土耳其已经逮捕了超过6000名军方人员,解雇了近9000名警察。另有大约3000名法官被停职。

 

  数以千计的官员和工作人员被清除,引起了国际观察家的关注,联合国正在保证土耳其坚持法治精神和维护人权。

 

  A senior German official said on Tuesday that "a deep split" had opened in Turkey, and he feared the divisions would cause unrest among Germany's large Turkish community.

 

  "The danger of an escalation in violence between Erdogan supporters and opponents has also risen in Germany," Bavarian Interior Minister Joachim Herrmann told the Berliner Zeitung newspaper.

 

  The President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, has accused Turkey of carrying out "revenge" against its opponents and critics.

 

  He also said a debate around restoring the death penalty was "deeply worrying". The EU has warned such a move would end talks over Turkey joining the bloc.

 

  According to official figures, Friday night's coup attempt left 232 people dead and 1,541 wounded.

 

  周二,德国一名高层官员表示,土耳其已经撕裂出了一个“很深的伤口”,他害怕这种分歧会在德国国内广大的土耳其裔社群中造成不安定。

 

  “在德国的埃尔多安支持者与反对者之间暴力升级的风险也有所增加,”巴伐利亚州内政部长约阿希姆·赫尔曼(Joachim Herrmann)接受德国《柏林报》(Berliner Zeitung)访问时说。

 

  欧洲议会主席马丁·舒尔茨(Martin Schulz)指土耳其正在对反对者和批评者实施“报复”。

 

  他还表示,围绕恢复死刑展开的争论令人“非常担忧”。欧盟已经警告,这一举措将会结束土耳其加入欧盟的谈判。

 

  官方数据指,上周五(7月15日)发生的意图政变造成了232人死亡和1541人受伤。



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