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调查:不自信的孩子接受太多表扬会压力山大

2014-01-08    来源:MailOnline    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Praising children can do more harm than good by making them feel under pressure, says study

专家们常常告诫家长,教育孩子要以表扬和鼓励为主。然而,最新研究却发现,表扬也要适度,否则会矫枉过正。据英国《每日邮报》报道,来自英国、荷兰和美国的研究人员通过调查发现,对孩子的鼓励与表扬有时候反而会给孩子造成极大的心理压力。

研究人员对240名8到12岁的孩子进行了实验。首先,孩子们通过回答问卷被分成自信与不自信两组。随后,孩子们可以自由挑选,临摹几幅难度不同的画作。在此过程中,自信心较强的孩子们被给予适度的鼓励;而缺乏自信的孩子们则会接收到老师们过度的赞扬。

结果显示,缺乏自信的孩子由于接收到太多表扬,反而会觉得压力很大,所以倾向于选择较为容易的画作来完成。而较为自信又得到适度表扬的孩子,则更易于鼓起勇气,接受挑战。研究员艾迪•布鲁梅尔曼解释说,“让一个本身不那么自信的孩子接收过多的鼓励,他们会觉得压力山大,进而惧怕接受新的挑战。”因此,鼓励和表扬也要适度。


We're told to praise children so they will shine.

But a study shows heaping compliments on children with low self-esteem makes them feel under pressure to perform and so they avoid challenges.

The study’s authors, from British, Dutch and US universities, looked at how adults praise children and found that while it’s natural for parents to want to praise timid children more, it actually backfires.

Some 240 boys and girls aged eight to 12 answered questions designed to rate their self-confidence. They were asked to copy a painting.


The unconfident children were lavished with praise while the confident ones got measured appraisal.

They then had to copy more pictures and told some were more difficult.

The unconfident children who were praised lavishly were more likely to plump for the easy pictures than when they received measured appraisal.

But the confident children rose to the challenge of being told they did well.
In the journal Psychological Science, researcher Eddie Brummelman said: ‘If you tell a child with low self-esteem that they did incredibly well, they may think they always need to do incredibly well.

‘They may worry about meeting these high standards and decide not to take on any  new challenges.’(MailOnline)


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