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研究:第六感言论属于子虚乌有

2014-01-16    来源:China.org.cn    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

The sixth sense DEBUNKED: Psychic powers don't exist and are just a trick of the brain, claims study

很多神秘主义者都标榜自己有着超凡的第六感,能够掐算过去,预知未来。但是,科学家们却不这么认为。他们通过研究证实,第六感应等超能力纯属子虚乌有。据英国《每日邮报》报道,来自澳大利亚墨尔本大学心理科学学院的研究人员近日表示,预知未来或是通晓灵界根本就是某些神婆的幻想和把戏。

在一项实验中,研究人员为参与者分别展示几组彩色照片。每一组的两张照片上都是同一个女孩,只是发型、衣服或配饰上有着细微的区别。每张照片停留的时间为1.5秒,中间间隔1秒。实验过后,研究人员会询问参与者两张照片是否存在不同,并要求参与者凭记忆,在耳环、项链、眼镜、帽子、口红、眼影、眼线、衣服和发型九个方面选出不同点。

结果显示,参与者对存在区别的图片有着敏锐的洞察力。虽然有时,他们不能完全确定具体是哪一部分存在不同,但是,他们仍然能够确定不同的存在。研究团队的豪伊博士解释说:“实验表明,人类的大脑可以不用依赖传统的视觉、听觉、嗅觉、味觉和触觉,就能察觉到某些细微的改变。这一能力是普遍存在的,并不是什么超感应力或是第六感等超能力。”


Throughout the ages mystics have claimed to have a 'sixth sense' - that they can predict whether or not something good or or bad is about to happen, or that they have links to another, paranormal world.

But, according to recent research, being able to see into the future or sense strange happenings is merely a trick of the mind that has been misinterpreted for millenia.

While experts did find that people reliably 'sensed' when changes occurred in a scene - even when they couldn’t tell exactly what had altered - they said that the idea that it was down to a special power was fundamentally wrong.

They said the ability to notice subtle changes was not down to extra sensory perception (ESP) - the supposed ability to unconsciously detect things beyond our five senses of vision, hearing, taste, smell and touch.
Instead it was because people's brains had not been given the time to process the information that they had seen, giving a vague sense of change they could not fully explain.

In the study, participants were given pairs of colour photographs, both of the same woman.

In some cases her appearance, for example her hairstyle, would be different in the two photographs.


Each photo was shown for 1.5 seconds with a one second break between each.

After the second picture, the observer was asked whether a change had occurred and was asked to choose it from a list of nine possible changes ranging from earrings, necklace, glasses, hat, lipstick, eye shadow, eyeliner, clothing, and hair worn.

Results showed participants could generally detect when a change had occurred even when they could not identify exactly what had changed.

It was discovered that people could still 'feel' or 'sense' that a change had occurred without being able to accurately describe it.

Researchers believe this proves that people were not using an extrasensory mechanism or sixth sense.

Instead they were relying on something they had actually observed but not had time to process.

When the same test was carried out using another 'spot the difference' test that did not contain faces, the results were still the same.

Dr Howe from the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences said: 'There is a common belief that observers can experience changes directly with their mind, without needing to rely on the traditional physical senses such as vision, hearing, taste, smell and touch to identify it.

'This alleged ability is sometimes referred to as a sixth sense or ESP (extra sensory perception).
'We were able to show that while observers could reliably sense changes that they could not visually identify, this ability was not due to extrasensory perception or a sixth sense.'
'In this study we have provided direct behavioural evidence that observers can regularly detect when a change has occurred without necessarily being able to identify what has changed.
'We found that this ability to detect unidentified changes is not unique to images containing faces.
'It is possible that the purpose of detection is to alert the observer to the possible presence of a change so that the observer then knows to search for the change using focal attention.'(China.org.cn)


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