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调查:坏天气更能激发工作热情

2014-02-13    来源:MailOnline    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Does bad weather make us work harder? Researcher claims storms can boost our productivity

据英国《每日邮报》报道,研究人员发现糟糕的天气事实上会让人们更有工作热情。哈佛商学院的研究者发现,坏天气会让人们更加专注工作,而且也会伴随更高的产出,反倒是风和日丽的时候,产出下降。

哈佛商学院商业管理的助理教授弗兰切斯卡•吉诺(Francesca Gino)认为,“每逢糟糕的天气,人们就会较好地专注于他们的工作,这倒不是因为坏天气令他们性情急躁,而是因为户外没什么可做的事情,因而也就没办法分散他们的注意力。”

他说:“事实上,人们在好天气时认知上的精力分散和错误率都要比坏天气发生得频繁。”

研究人员让200人参与预测了天气对个人工作效率的影响。其中80%以上的人员选择了好天气会增加工作效率,还有几乎同样数量的人员选择了坏天气会降低效率。

为了验证这项预测,研究小组审视了一组东京一个中等大小的银行的数据。该银行记录下了两年半以来银行雇员对于2007年7月建立的按揭程序系统的操作情况。这是一项要求注意力高度集中、动作要快、效率要高的工作。研究小组通过对比该银行的数据记录和当时东京的天气记录,来分析该银行员工工作效率的走势。

研究发现,每增加一英尺的降雨量,员工的交易速度就会提高1.3%。吉诺说:“我们同时还发现能见度低和极端天气总是伴随着高效的工作周期,同时阳光普照、清空万里的天气总是与相对低的工作效相联系。”

吉诺随即建议公司在评估员工水平时,参考一下天气预报。她同时戏谑道:“因为天气与地域相关,我们的研究表明,在其他因素不变的情况下,选择坏天气笼罩的办公地点更为可取。这对于波士顿的公司来说可谓是个好消息。”

While the polar vortex has meant many thousands struggling to work through ice and snow, researchers have discovered that the terrible weather conditions could actually make them more productive.

Researchers at Harvard Business School found that in fact bad weather days make us more focused and productive.

They also found that on warm, sunny days, productivity dropped dramatically.

'On a bad-weather day, people are better at focusing on their work not because the weather makes them grumpy but because they have fewer distracting thoughts about what they might otherwise be doing outside,' wrote Francesca Gino, an associate professor of business administration at Harvard Business School


'Indeed, cognitive distractions and error rates were greater on nice days than on bad-weather days.'

The researchers asked 200 adults to predict the impact of weather on individuals’ work productivity.

More than 80 percent predicted good weather would increase productivity and about the same percentage predicted that bad weather would decrease productivity.

To test the prediction, the team looked at data from a midsize bank in Tokyo.

The bank had tracked employee productivity for two-and-a-half years following the launch of a new mortgage-processing system in June 2007.
During this period, the bank processed more than 56,000 loan applications, a process comprising about 600,000 individual data-entry tasks.

'Such tasks require high levels of attention and focus, which allow workers to complete their work faster and more productively.
'Thus, we expected higher productivity to be associated with fewer cognitive distractions.'

The team matched these figures to meteorological data in Tokyo during that period - and found that an increase in rain correlated with a decrease in the time it took for workers to complete their tasks.

A one-inch increase in rain was related to a 1.3% decrease in worker completion time for each transaction.

'We also found that low visibility and extreme temperatures also matched periods of high worker productivity.
'Meanwhile, clear, sunny days correlated with relatively low productivity.'

Gino said the 1.3% productivity loss is similar to the organization being short one worker on a given day.
She even urged firms to consult the weather forecast when planning staff levels.

'If an organization wishes to maintain a consistent work output, the weather forecast might be a valuable factor in a staffing model.
'Finally, given that weather depends on location, our research suggests that, holding all other factors constant, locating operations in places with worse weather may be preferable.That may be good news for companies in Boston.'(MailOnline)


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