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美国“高考”SAT考试要改革

2014-03-07    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

U.S. College Board announces SAT overhaul

Creators of the U.S. college entrance examination SAT, short for Scholastic Assessment Test, announced Wednesday an overhaul of the test, eliminating mandatory essays, ending penalty for guessing wrong and cutting obscure vocabulary words.

The College Board which produces the SAT made the announcement in a press release on its official website Wednesday, a move that could affect millions of high school students across the country and over the world as an increasing number of international students, especially Chinese students, are seeking to study abroad.

The redesigned SAT, scheduled to go into effect in 2016, would include three sections -- reading and writing, math and an essay -- and would shift from its current score scale of 2400 back to 1600, with a separate score for the essay. Colleges can choose whether to consider it.

The updated test will take about three hours, with an additional 50 minutes for the essay, and will be administered by print and computer.

Test scoring will also be changed, no longer deducting for an incorrect answer. Points are only added for correct answers. Instead of arcane "SAT words," the vocabulary words on the new exam will be ones commonly used in college courses.

While the scope of the exam has been narrowed in areas such as math and vocabulary, what remains requires more demanding problem-solving. In analyzing reading passages in the exam, students must cite specific passages from extracts of well-known writings to support answers, which is not necessary in the current version.

Most U.S. colleges require an SAT or ACT exam score for admission. ACT, abbreviation of American College Testing, is another standardized college readiness test. The required portion of the ACT is divided into four multiple choice subject tests: English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. Writing is optional.

相关新闻:美国大专院校委员会5日宣布,将对俗称美国“高考”的SAT(学习能力测试)实施改革,包括将作文改为选考项目、突出常用词汇、推出机考等,新版考试自2016年起正式实施。

这将是SAT考试自2005年以来首次重要改版。委员会总裁戴维·科尔曼当天宣布,新版考试将继续考核阅读、数学、写作等能力,突出分析能力的重要性,将使考试内容更适合评测学生在高中阶段的学习情况以及对大学学习的适应能力。他说,希望这些改革措施能让广大学子“如释重负”。

改革重点包括:总分由2400分改为1600分,包括阅读800分、数学800分,考试时间3个小时;其中作文部分由必考项改为自选项,考试时间50分钟,分数另计,将提供一篇文章,重点测试学生对文章使用论据、论述过程的分析能力,而非作者本身的论述能力;数学测试部分将缩小范围,并限定计算器只适用于其中部分环节;取消现行的“错题扣分”原则,这一原则起初是为了预防学生在考试中“猜答案”而设;调整词汇量考试范围,减少对生僻词汇的考核,更突出日常学习中常用词汇;阅读部分要增加一篇“经典”阅读材料,包括《独立宣言》等节选。此外,还准备推出机考,与笔试并行。

据美国媒体报道,美国大专院校委员会近年来在酝酿SAT考试改革,原因之一也是为了应对美国另一项大学入学标准测试——ACT的竞争。SAT考试在美国东海岸和西海岸地区更受欢迎,去年共有170万人参加。ACT考试在美国中部更受欢迎,但自2012年以来在全美大有赶超SAT之势。ACT考试已计划于2015年推出机考。(新华网)



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