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你对植树节了解多少?

2014-03-12    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Arbor Day /Tree-planting Day

小时候在学校老师会组织学生在植树节的时候外出植树。但是我们从未真正了解过植树节的来历,现在过植树节的人也越来越少。今天,我们一起来深入了解一下这个节日。

Arbor Day is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. Many countries now observe a similar holiday. Though usually observed in the spring, the date varies, depending on climate and suitable planting season。
植物节是个人或是团队一起种植和关爱树木的节目。许多国家都庆祝植树节,不过虽然都是在春天,但根据天气和合适植树的时间不同,植树节的具体日期也有不同。

近代最早设立植树节的是美国的内布拉斯加州。1872年4月10日,莫顿在内布拉斯加州园林协会举行的一次会议上,提出了设立重视节的建议。该州采纳了莫顿的建议,把4月10日定为该州的植树节,并于1932年发行世界上首枚植树节邮票。

中国的植树节定于3月12日。1979年2月,中国第五届全国人大常委会第六次会议决定,将每年的3月12日定为中国的植树节。1981年12月,五届全国人大四次会议又通过了《关于开展全民义务植树运动的决议》,国务院于次年颁布了全民义务植树运动的具体实施办法。植树节前后,我国各地都要集中进行植树造林活动。

植树节的来历

In many countries it has long been the tradition to hold an annual tree or forest festival. The origin of such celebrations dates back to antiquity and is in the dawn of religious feeling and awe for what trees represented. However, Arbor Day, as it is commonly known today, is of American origin and evolved from conditions peculiar to the Great Plains. It was first observed in Nebraska in 1872. The idea, conceived by J.S. Morton, then a member of the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture, was one of forest conservation. It was a move to promote replanting, following deforestation, and to plant up treeless areas. The idea has spread widely to other lands where it is variously celebrated as the 'Festival of Trees', 'Greening Week' of Japan, 'The New Year's Days of Trees' in Israel, 'The Tree-loving Week' of Korea, 'The Reforestation Week' of Yugoslavia, 'The Students' Afforestation Day' of Iceland and 'The National Festival of Tree Planting' in India. Arbor Day in its various forms is now recognized in more than fifty countries.

植树节的重要意义
THE IMPORTANCE OF ARBOR DAY

On Arbor Day, particular attention is drawn to the part trees play in our lives. It's not just a day to plant trees and then forget the gesture for another twelve months. Planting a tree one day is no credit to us if, during the rest of the year, we neglect to care for it and those already growing. Our thought on Arbor Day should be an expression of enduring feeling, thought and action and not just one single, isolated flame of interest.



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