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隆胸容易引发乳腺癌

2014-05-05    来源:MailOnline    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

据英国《每日邮报》5月4日报道,科研团队近日发现,隆胸时被广泛使用的织纹表面硅胶容易引发一种破坏免疫系统的新型乳腺癌。澳大利亚麦考瑞大学医学部的科研人员发现,这种织纹表面的硅胶,有别于常见的光滑表面的硅胶,它粗糙的表层成为细菌滋生的温床,能够加快癌细胞的生长和扩散。

这种硅胶产品上世纪80年代就已经被发明,不过在90年代才开始广泛使用。目前,它在英国和澳大利亚的整形市场很受欢迎,超过99%的隆胸手术都在使用。研究团队负责人阿南德•德瓦教授表示,在已经发现的150个病例当中,九成的患病者都是接受过此类植入手术的女性,并且今后这一数字还将扩大。

不过,整形医生建议,已经做过隆胸手术的女性,植入部分如果没有感觉到明显或突然肿胀,则不用急于取出硅胶,该手术还是安全可靠的。


A new form of cancer could be triggered by a type of breast implant popular with British women, scientists are warning.

At least 150 cases of the disease, called anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the breast, have been reported, including a handful in Britain.

Nine in 10 cases of the disease – a cancer of the immune system – have been in women who have received breast implants with a textured outer shell, according to experts.

Scientists say this rougher surface is ‘the ideal breeding ground’ for bacteria which could sow the seed of cancer. Women should be warned of the cancer risk before undergoing implant operations, they argue.

Textured shell implants are relatively uncommon in the US, but in Britain – where 30,000 women have implants every year – they account for 99 per cent of the market.

Most women with ALCL have made a full recovery after surgery. In some cases they also needed chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, some – including one Briton – have died.

Mother-of-two Susan Grieve, 40, from East Lothian in Scotland, passed away in July 2012, six years after receiving PIP implants. At the time her family believed the cancer may have been caused by toxic chemicals spilling into her body after the implants ruptured.

But European studies have found no ingredients in the now banned PIP implants – illegally made with industrial grade  silicone – to be carcinogenic.
Now scientists suggest ALCL is linked to a relatively common complication of having textured breast implants inserted, called capsular contracture.

Textured implants were introduced in the 1980s but not widely used until a decade later. Prof Anand Deva, who led the research study at the Australian School of Advanced Medicine at Macquarie University, said Britain should expect to see more cases in the future.

‘Countries that mainly use  textured implants, like Australia, have seen proportionally more cases.’

But plastic surgeon Fazel Fatah, of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons, said: ‘These tumours are extremely rare, treatable and patients should continue to  feel safe. There is no need to remove implants unless they develop sudden unexplained changes or swelling.’(MailOnline)
 



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