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研究:保持忙碌状态可以长寿

2014-05-14    来源:MailOnline    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

The secret to longevity? Keeping busy and having 'a purpose in life'

据英国《每日邮报》5月13日报道,最新一项调查显示,长寿的秘诀其实很简单,就是让自己始终保持忙碌状态,并且为人生设定一些目标。

加拿大卡尔顿大学的研究团队近日完成了一项历时14年的调查。通过对6000名美国和加拿大的中老年人进行长期跟踪记录,他们发现,那些始终保持忙碌状态的人普遍比无所事事的人要长寿。

另外,对人生有着短期或长期目标的人们会更长寿。原因是为了达到设定的目标,他们会时常督促自己保持良好的生活习惯,并不断为理想奋斗。

研究团队负责人帕特里克•希尔介绍说,“经过14年,当初参与研究的6000人当中有9%已经去世。在这些已故者当中,大多数都是对人生缺乏目标和规划,并且对情感和人际关系抱有消极态度的人。”


The secret to long life could be as simple as having something to do, psychologists claim.

They found adults who spoke of having a purpose in life were more likely to still be around at the end of a 14 year study than those who considered themselves 'aimless.'

For those about to retire, for instance, it suggests they will live longer if they filled their days with activity rather than contemplate doing nothing after giving up work.

It could be getting involved in voluntary work or taking on a long term project or even ticking off a bucket list that extends their longevity.
What the purpose is does not matter, just to feel there is one could be enough, said the researchers from Carleton University in Canada.

This may be because those who have aims, even in middle or old age, are more likely to adopt a healthier lifestyle in order to fulfill such ambitions.
But the younger they are when they set these targets, the more likely they are to start leading a healthier lifestyle earlier, it added.


Assistant Professor Patrick Hill looked at a 14-year study of 6,000 adults across America.

He said: 'Finding a direction for life, and setting overarching goals for what you want to achieve, can help you actually live longer, regardless of when you find your purpose.

'So the earlier someone comes to a direction for life, the earlier these protective effects may be able to occur.'

At the start of the study, the 6,000 people were interviewed about whether or not their lives had a purpose and their positive or negative attitudes to relationships and emotions.

At the end of the 14 year study, nine per cent of the group had died, and were more likely to have been those reporting a lack of purpose and with more negative emotions and relationships.

Dr Hill added: 'There are a lot of reasons to believe that being purposeful might help protect older adults more so than younger ones.

'For instance, adults might need [more of a sense of direction] after they have left the workplace and lost that source for organising their daily events.'
But he added that having a purpose can also predict a longer life for younger adults.

He said: 'These findings suggest that there's something unique about finding a purpose that seems to be leading to greater longevity.'
The study is published in the journal Psychological Science.


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