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传统节日:关于“立春”你需要知道的9件事

2016-02-04    来源:综合整理    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

关于"立春"你需要知道的9件事
9 things you may not know about Start of Spring

立春,是二十四节气中的第一个节气,明清官方历书中被归入正月节气;到达时间点在公历每年2月3-5日(农历正月初一前后),太阳到达黄经315°时。

立春是汉族民间重要的传统节日之一。“立”是“开始”的意思,自秦代以来,中国就一直以立春作为春季的开始。立春是从天文上来划分的,春是温暖,鸟语花香;春是生长,耕耘播种。 从立春交节当日一直到立夏前这段期间,都被称为春天。

所谓“一年之计在于春”,自古以来立春就是一个重大节日,叫春节(到民国后被易名)。中国自官方到民间都极为重视,立春之日迎春已有三千多年历史。立春时天子亲率三公九卿、诸侯大夫去东郊迎春,祈求丰收。回来之后,要赏赐群臣,布德令以施惠兆民。这种活动影响到庶民,使之成为后来世世代代的全民的迎春活动。

【原滋原味英语文摘】

The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms. Start of Spring (Chinese: 立春), the first solar term of the year, begins this year on Feb 4 and ends on Feb 18.

Start of Spring lifts the curtain of spring. After that everything turns green and full of vigor; people clearly see that the daytime is becoming longer and the weather is becoming warmer.

Here are nine things you should know about Start of Spring.

1. Start of Spring and Spring Festival

As a solar term, Start of Spring had already entered people's lives in the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC). At that time, there were eight solar terms. According to some experts, the 24 solar terms were used for the first time in books during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24), when the Start of Spring was set as the Spring Festival. In 1913, the first day of the first month of the lunar year was mandated as the Spring Festival.

2. Flying a kite

Spring is the best season for kite-flying. A traditional folk activity, it has a history of more than 2,000 years. It can help build one’s health and prevent diseases. It also has the effect of promoting blood circulation and speeding up metabolism. A breath of fresh air outside can discharge the foul smell accumulated in winter.

3. Erecting the egg

In China, it is said that the egg can be set upright on the first day of the Start of Spring, Spring Equinox day and Autumn Equinox day. It is believed that if someone can make the egg stand on the first day of Start of Spring, he will have good luck in the future.

According to astronomers and physicists, setting the egg upright has nothing to do with time, but with mechanics. The most important thing is to shift the egg’s center of gravity to the lowest part of the egg. In this way, the trick is holding the egg until the yolk sinks as much as possible. For this, people should choose an egg about 4 or 5 days old, whose yolk is inclined to sink down.

4. Wearing fabric swallows

Wearing fabric swallows is a custom in some regions in Shaanxi. Every Start of Spring, people like to wear a swallow made of colorful silk on their chests. The custom originated during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The swallow is a harbinger of spring and a symbol of prosperity and happiness.
 

5. Biting the spring

In many parts of China, people observe the custom of “biting the spring” on the first day of Start of Spring. They eat spring pancakes, spring rolls, or a few mouthfuls of carrots.

6. Making a Spring Ox

This custom in Shaanxi is practiced right before the Start of Spring. The local government hires some skilled artisans and gathers them to build the frame of an ox out of bamboo strips and the legs with wood. Then they paste some paper and paint onto it—and, voila! The image of an ox is complete. It is said that if more red and yellow paper is used, then there will be a good harvest that year; if black paper is pasted, then the year will be poor. When the paper ox is ready, there is a ritual to paint the eyes. After that, people will set up an altar for it and worship it.

7. Posting spring calligraphy and paintings

The custom of posting calligraphy and paintings on one’s door in the spring first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). People would do so to welcome spring and pray for good luck on the first day of Start of Spring.


 

8. Appreciating plum blossoms

Plums blossom from the 12th lunar month to the second month of the next year. The plum blossom, as it fights against the cold, is the most highly regarded. In China, the plum blossom, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum are praised as the four gentlemen of Chinese flowers.

9. Welcoming spring

People in China began holding a special ceremony on the first day of Start of Spring about 3,000 years ago. They made sacrifices to Gou Mang, the god of Spring, who is in charge of agriculture. By the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), greeting spring had become an important folk activity. In Beijing, government officials welcomed spring in the wild field near Dongzhimen (the east gate of Beijing).(英文文本 via ChinaDaily)

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

1. 24 solar terms 24个节气

2. lift the curtain 揭开序幕

3. vigor n. <美>(法律上的)效力;智力;(语言等的)气势;(动,植物的)强健

4. promoting blood circulation 促进血液循环

5. speeding up metabolism 加速新陈代谢

6. astronomers n. 天文学者,天文学家

7. harbinger n. 预言者,预兆

8. calligraphy n.美术字(体),书法

9. plum blossom .n. 梅花

10. chrysanthemum n. 菊花,菊属



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