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传统节日:谷雨 你必须知道的5件事

2015-04-20    来源:普特编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

谷雨 你必须知道的5件事
Five Things you may not know about Grain Rain

【节日文化】谷雨是二十四节气的第六个节气,每年4月19日~21日时太阳到达黄经30°时为谷雨,源自古人“雨生百谷”之说。同时也是播种移苗、埯瓜点豆的最佳时节。

“清明断雪,谷雨断霜”,气象专家表示,谷雨是春季最后一个节气,谷雨节气的到来意味着寒潮天气基本结束,气温回升加快,大大有利于谷类农作物的生长。
 
The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms. Grain Rain (Chinese: 谷雨),as the last term in spring, starts on April 20 and ends on May 5.

Grain Rain originates from the old saying, "Rain brings up the growth of hundreds of grains," which shows that this period of rainfall is extremely important for the growth of crops. The Grain Rain signals the end of cold weather and a rapid rise in temperature. Here are five things that you may not know about the Grain Rain.

1. Key time for agriculture

Grain Rain brings a marked increase in temperature and rainfall and the grains grow faster and stronger. It's a key time to protect the crops from insect pests.

2. Sandstorms occur

Grain Rain falls between the end of spring and the beginning of summer, with infrequent cold air moving to the southand lingering cold air in the north. From the end of April to the beginning of May, the temperature rises much higher than it does in March. With dry soil, an unsteady atmosphere and heavy winds, gales and sandstorms become more frequent.

3. Drinking tea

There is an old custom in southern China that people drink tea on the day of Grain Rain. Spring tea during Grain Rain is rich in vitamins and amino acids, which can help to remove heat from the body and is good for the eyes. It is also said that drinking tea on this day would prevent bad luck.

4. Eating toona sinensis

People in northern China have the tradition to eat the vegetable toona sinensis during Grain Rain. An old Chinese saying goes "toona sinensis before the rain is as tender as silk". The vegetable is nutritious and can help to stengthen the immunie system. It is also good for the stomach and skin.

5. Grain Rain Festival

The Grain Rain festival is celebrated by fishing villages in the coastal areas of northern China. Grain Rain marks the start of the fishermen’s first voyage of the year. The custom dates back more than 2,000 years ago, when people believed they owed a good harvest to the gods, who protected them from the stormy seas. People would worship the sea and stage sacrifice rites on the Grain Rain festival, praying for a bountiful harvest and a safe voyagel for their loved ones.(英文文本 via China Daily)

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

1. originate from 来自,起源于

2. lingering adj. 拖延的,逗留不去的

3. amino acids 氨基酸类

4. toona sinensis 香椿,又名香椿芽、香桩头、大红椿树

5. immunie system 免疫系统

6. bountiful adj. 慷慨给予的,丰富的,充裕的
 



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