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多图文:北京10大春季赏花胜地

2015-04-28    来源:中国网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Top 10 spring flowers to see in Beijing

春光明媚,万物复苏;草木染上绿意,花朵竞相绽放。特此盘点京城十大春季赏花胜地,以飨读者。春天在哪里呀春天在哪里~趁春光正好,周末一起出去赏花吧

Spring means nature's rebirth. Plants turn green and flowers begin to blossom again. Here, China.org.cn introduces the top ten flowers to see in Beijing for your enjoyment.

10 Tulip

Time: Mid- April to Mid-May

Place: Zhongshan Park

Built in 1421, Zhongshan Park is a former imperial garden from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It is located west of Tian'anmen square in the heart of the inner city and was a site of the former Altar of Land and Harvest, visited biannually by the emperors. After 1911, the site became a park and was renamed in 1928 in honor of Sun Yat-sen, who is considered the father of modern China. The park covers an area of 60 acres and features many traditional Chinese courtyards and halls. Every year, a Tulip Garden Party is held here, presenting billions of colorful tulips.

Travel tips:

Admission: 10 yuan

Getting there: Bus No. 1, 5, 10, 22, 37, 52, 99, 728 to Tian'anmen West Stop.

9 Peony

Time: Mid-April to Mid-May

Place: Jingshan Park

Jingshan Park, also known as "Prospect Hill Park", is situated just north of the Palace Museum, next to Beihai and Houhai. During the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), it was for royal family members and was only opened to the public after 1928. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the park has been renovated several times, and has now become one of the most ancient parks in the capital. Covering an area of more than 230,000 square meters, the park is famous for its large peony garden. Each year, a Peony Flower Show is held including hundreds of kinds of peony from home and abroad.

Travel tips:

Admission: 5 yuan

Getting there: Bus No. 5 to Jingshanhoujie; No. 101, 103, 109, 614, 619 to Palace Museum; or No. 111, 124 to Jingshandongjie.

8 Lilac

Time: April to Late May

Place: Tiantan Park

Constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of Ming Dynasty Emperor Yongle, Tiantan, better known as the Temple of Heaven, was a place for emperors to pray to Heaven. In the 16th Century, the temple was extended and renamed during the reign of the Emperor Jiajing, who also built three other prominent temples in Beijing: the Temple of the Sun in the east, the Temple of the Earth in the north and the Temple of the Moon in the west. Now, the temple has become a park attracting numerous visitors each year. In the park, there is a large lilac grove; when the flowers blossom, the beauty and perfume are enchanting.

Travel tips:

Admission: 35 yuan in busy season (April-October), 30 yuan off-season.

Getting there: Bus No. 6, 34, 36, 106, 110, 687 to the north gate; No. 53, 120, 122, 958 to the south gate; No. 626 to the west gate; or take subway Line 5 to East Gate of Tiantan Station.

7 Azalea

Time: April to late-May

Place: Yunmengshan Forest Park

Standing at the border of Miyun County and Huairou County, Yunmengshan Forest Park is about 85 kilometers north of the city center. Covering an area of more than 2,208 hectares, the park boasts a dense forest offering more than 100 varieties of trees and contains a wild botanical garden that overlooks the western shore of Miyun Reservoir. Spring is amazing with at least 5,000 acres of red azalea, green leaves and other colorful flowers all over the mountain. Besides, steep cliff, lofty peaks, unique rocks, roaring waterfalls, gurgling springs and streams will also delight your body and heart.

Travel tips:

Admission: 35 yuan for adults, 17 yuan for kids

Getting there: Bus No. 936 branch line (Yujiayuan to Tanghekou) to Yuanmengshan.

6 Crab-apple flower

Time: April to Mid-May

Place: former residence of Soong Ching-ling

Surround by lakes and artificial mountains, the former residence of Soong Ching-ling, wife of Sun Yat-sen, is located in Beijing's beautifully scenic Houhai North Street. The resident was once a prince's mansion of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and Soong Ching-ling lived there for 18 years until her death on May 29, 1981. Covering an area of over 20,000 square meters, the residence features traditional Chinese courtyards and houses and contains various plants and elegant gardens. In 2010, the first "Crab-apple Flower Festival" was held, which presented many crab-apple trees, including some over 200 years old.

Travel tips:

Admission: 20 yuan for adults, 10 yuan for students

Getting there: Bus No. 5, 44, 305, 380, 409, 625, 909, 919 to Deshengmen Stop.

5 Peach blossom

Time: Early April to Mid-May

Place: Beijing Botanical Garden

Beijing Botanical Garden is situated in the western outskirts of the city between Xiangshan Park and Yuquan Mountain. With intriguing rockeries, clear ponds and elegant bridges, the garden is a wonderful place to explore natural beauty. Beijing Botanical Garden is the largest in North China, with a great variety of greenhouses, rare trees and stunning flowers, as well as a number of historical attractions, such as Cao Xueqin Memorial and Liang Qichao Tomb. Since 1981, the Peach Blossom Festival has been held every spring, with more than 6,000 peach plants in 70 varieties, and is labeled as the largest peach forest in the world.

Travel tips:

Admission: 10 yuan

Getting there: Bus No. 318, 331, 360, 714, 733, 737, 833, 904 to Beijing Botanical Garden.

4 Magnolia flower

Time: Early April to early May

Place: Tanzhe Temple

As a typical Buddhist temple, Tanzhe Temple stands on Tanzhe Hill in the western outskirts of Beijing. Its origins certainly predate the formation of much of Beijing, as the first reference to the site was noted in the Western Jin Dynasty (265-316), but most of what forms the temple today was constructed in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Covering an area of over 41,000 square meters, the temple consists of some pavilions, prayer halls, group of pagodas, courtyards and gardens dating from the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. The gardens contain various kinds of trees and flowers, but the magnolia flower is the most famous, some of which are of 300-year-old history.

Travel tips:

Admission: 35 yuan

Getting there: Bus No. 931 to Tanzhe Temple.

3 Pear blossom

Time: Early to late April

Place: Xiangshui Lake

Xiangshui Lake Scenic Area is located at the west of Mutianyu Great Wall, Huairou District, about 78 kilometers from downtown Beijing. With an area of 18 square kilometers, the scenic area is a splendid natural valley with a section of the Great Wall, beautiful mountains, ancient caves, clear streams and ponds, and a spectacular waterfall. It is literally named "Water Sound Lake", so you can hear the sound of the running water from afar. The shores of Xiangshui Lake are planted with various fruit trees, which covers over 10 square kilometers, including pear, date, apple and walnut trees. Every spring, when pear trees blossom, it is the best place in the city to enjoy the charming flowers.

Travel tips:

Admission: 20 yuan

Getting there: Bus No. 916 to Longshan Hotel and then take a small bus to the scenic area.

2 Cherry blossom

Time: Late March - May

Place: Yuyuantan Park

Yuyuantan Park, occupying about 137 hectares, is situated in the south of Haidian District. Built in 1960, the park has a history of over 50 years. It boasts beautiful gardens and clear waters, including four lakes: East Lake, West Lake, Bayi Lake and Yinshui Lake. In spring, a Cherry Blossom Festival is held in the park, attracting thousands of visitors at home and abroad to enjoy the beautiful scenery. There are at least 2,000 cherry trees in over 20 different varieties, including sargentii and somei-yoshino. And many cherry trees were gifts from Japan when the two countries re-opened diplomatic relations in the 1970s.

Travel tips:

Admission: 20 yuan

Getting there: Bus No. 37, 121, 846 to the north gate; No. 32, 414, 617 to the south gate; No. 323, 368, 374, 394 to the west gate; or No. 114, 320, 717, 727 to the east gate.

1 Apricot blossom

Time: March - late May

Place: Fenghuangling Scenic Area

Fenghuangling, also known as the "Phoenix Mountain", is located at the north of Haidian District. It is called the "green lungs of Beijing", referring to its fresh air, and labeled as the "small Yellow Mountain" because of its dense vegetation, unique rocks, grand hills and gurgling springs. Located over 30 kilometers from downtown, the scenic area is a wonderful place to escape from the crowded city and relax your body. One of Fenghuangling's major attractions is Buddhist Longquan Temple, which was originally built in 951. Every year, from March to May, over 600 acres apricot plants blossom, attracting visitors all over the country to enjoy the blossom spectacle.

Travel tips:

Admission: 25 yuan

Getting there: Take subway Line 4 to Beigongmen and then transfer No. 346 bus to Fenghuangling.

中文介绍:

10 郁金香(Tulip)

花期:4月中旬-5月中旬

地点:中山公园

北京中山公园位于北京市中心紫禁城(故宫)南面,天安门西侧,与故宫一墙之隔。它原是明清两代的社稷坛,建于明永乐十九年(1421年),是明、清皇帝祭祀土地神和五谷神的地方。1914年,民国政府将其辟为中央公园。1928年,为纪念孙中山先生,中央公园改名为中山公园。中山公园现占地23万平方米,园内亭台楼阁错落有致、古色古香。每年春季,中山公园会举办春花暨郁金香花展,展出的数十万株郁金香色彩绚丽、姿态各异,令人流连忘返。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:10元/人

公交线路:乘坐1、5、10、22、37、52、99、728、802、专1路等公交车,在“天安门西”站下车即到。

9 牡丹(Peony)

花期:4月中旬-5月中旬

地点:景山公园

景山公园位于故宫的北门神武门北侧,西临北海,是明、清两代的御苑。景山园林自元代(1271-1368年)起被划为皇宫的重要组成部分;民国17年(1928年)被辟为公园,开始对外开放。1949年新中国成立后,景山公园先后进行过多次修理和全面修建,现在是北京最古老的园林景观之一。景山公园占地23万平方米,园内有京城最大的牡丹观赏园。每年春季举办的牡丹展上,从全国各地乃至国外引进的数百种牡丹竞相怒放,蔚为壮观。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:5元/人

公交线路:乘坐5、609路在“西板桥”站下车;或乘坐101、103、109、124、609、614、619、685路在“故宫”站下车;或乘坐111、124路在“景山东门”站下车,步行可到达。

8 丁香(Lilac)

花期:4月-5月下旬

地点:天坛公园

天坛位于北京市南部,始建于明代永乐年间(1403—1420年),是帝王祭祀皇天、祈祷五谷丰登的场所,初名天地坛。嘉靖年间(1522-1566年)改天地合祀为分祀,天地坛遂改称为天坛;另建地坛于城北、日坛于城东、月坛于城西。如今,天坛景区已经成为北京市最著名的公园之一,每年吸引着大量的游客前来游览。在公园祈年殿西柏树林西侧,有北京城最大的一片丁香林,占地6300平方米;置身其中,花团锦簇,花香浓郁,沁人心脾。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:旺季(4月1日~10月31日)联票35元/人,门票15元/人;淡季(11月1日~次年3月31日)联票30元/人,门票10元/人。

公交线路:乘坐6、34、35、36、106、110、687、707路在“天坛北门”站下车;或乘坐53、120、122、525、610、800、特11、814、958、特3、运通102路在“天坛南门”站下车;或乘坐2、20、35、69、71、504、826路在“天坛西门”站下车;或乘坐地铁5号线在“天坛东门”站下车。

7 杜鹃花(Azalea)

花期:4月-5月下旬

地点:云蒙山国家森林公园

云蒙山国家森林公园位于北京市密云县和怀柔区的交界,市中心以北约85公里处。公园总面积2208公顷;景区主峰高达1414米,可俯瞰密云水库西岸。山中动植物品种繁多,植被覆盖率达90%以上;其中有2670万平方米天然森林,包括松、柏等上百种林木。每逢春季,漫山遍野的粉红色杜鹃花竞相开放,灿若堆锦,美不胜收。此外,景区内山势耸拔,沟谷切割幽深,奇峰异石多姿,飞瀑流泉遍布;自然景观之美,令人心旷神怡。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:成人35元/人,学生17元/人。

公交线路:乘坐936支线【于家园-汤河口】在“云蒙山”站下车即到。

6 海棠花(Crab-apple flower)

花期:4月-5月中旬

地点:宋庆龄故居

宋庆龄故居坐落在北京风景秀丽的什刹海后海北沿。这座庭院原是中国末代皇帝爱新觉罗·溥仪的父亲醇亲王载沣的府邸花园。1963年4月,宋庆龄迁居于此,直至1981年5月29日逝世,共在这里工作生活了18个春秋。故居占地面积两万多平方米,院内曲径回廊,楼堂亭榭;湖水环绕,山石嶙峋;绿树浓荫,花香四溢。2010年,宋庆龄故居举办首届海棠文化节,游客可以欣赏到故居院内有着200多年树龄的古海棠花开的美景。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:成人20元/人,在校大学生及老人10元/人,中小学生5元/人。

公交线路:乘坐5、44、635、55、919、909、27、380、949、625、914、344、315、305路到“德胜门”站下,向南步行至什刹海。

5 桃花(Peach blossom)

花期:4月上旬-5月中旬

地点:北京植物园

北京植物园位于北京的西北郊,在海淀区香山公园和玉泉山之间。园中遍布假山怪石、深潭清泉、小桥流水,自然美景引人入胜。这里是中国北方最大的植物园,栽培的植物包括许多稀有物种,还有十几个专类花园和温室展区。园中的名胜古迹包括曹雪芹纪念馆、梁启超墓等。这里的桃花园是世界上收集桃花品种最多的专类园,展示的桃花有70多个品种6000余株。自1989年以来,北京植物园每年春季都会举办“北京桃花节”,吸引数百万游人前来观赏。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:10元/人

公交线路:乘坐360慢、360快、318、714、698路在“北京植物园”站下车北行200米即到。

4 玉兰花(Magnolia flower)

花期:4月上旬-5月上旬

地点:潭柘寺

潭柘寺位于北京西郊潭柘山麓,是北京著名的佛教寺院之一。经考证,潭柘寺始建于西晋永嘉元年(公元307年)。在明清两代,潭柘寺曾进行过多次大规模的整修和扩建,逐步确立了今天的格局。潭柘寺寺内占地2.5公顷,寺外占地11.2公顷,再加上周围由潭柘寺所管辖的森林和山场,总面积达121公顷以上。寺内佛塔林立、殿宇巍峨;建筑形式有殿、堂、阁、斋、轩、亭、楼、坛等,多种多样,错落有致;更有翠竹名花点缀其间,环境极为优美。其中,两株植于明代的“二乔玉兰”至今已有400年的树龄,因其一株上盛开白色与紫色两种玉兰而享誉京华。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:35元/人

公交线路:乘坐931路公交车,至终点站潭柘寺下车即到。

3 梨花(Pear blossom)

花期:4月上旬-4月下旬

地点:响水湖

响水湖风景区位于北京怀柔慕田峪长城以西,距离市中心78公里,总面积18平方公里,是集长城、古洞、山川、泉潭、飞瀑于一体的天然锦绣谷。在泉水的源头,泉涌如注、水响如雷,千米之外便可听到流水的响声,故得名“响水湖”。响水湖景区果木成林,有梨树、枣树、苹果树、胡桃树等品种。这里是京城最佳的梨花观赏地。每年春季,响水湖畔梨花盛开,山风过时,落花如雪,令人心醉神迷。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:20元/人

公交线路:乘坐916路至“怀柔北大街”站下车,到马路对面换乘班车【怀柔-庄户/洞台】,在响水湖景区下车。

2 樱花(Cherry blossom)

花期:3月下旬-5月

地点:玉渊潭公园

玉渊潭公园位于北京市海淀区南部,规划总面积136.69公顷,1960年定名玉渊潭公园。公园以秀丽的园林和水景闻名,包括东湖、西湖、八一湖和北部的引水湖景区。每年春季,在樱花绽放时,玉渊潭公园都会举办樱花节;届时,来自国内外的赏花者人如潮涌,成为京城早春特有的景致。玉渊潭公园有包括大山樱、染井吉野樱等在内的20多个品种、2000余株樱花,将次第开放,持续一个月。其中不少樱花树是1972年中日邦交正常化之后,日本友好人士作为礼物赠送给公园的。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:10元/人

公交线路:乘坐121、846、37 路在“马神庙”或“白堆子”站下车,步行至公园北门;或乘坐32、414路在“玉渊潭南门”站下车;或乘坐323、394路在“玉渊潭西门”站下车;或乘坐320路、114路(无轨电车)、717、727路在“木樨地北”站下车,步行至公园东门。

1 杏花(Apricot blossom)

花期:3月-5月下旬

地点:凤凰岭风景区

凤凰岭自然风景区位于北京市海淀区北部,景区内山青水绿、空气清新,享有京城“绿肺”之称。凤凰岭还享有“京西小黄山”的美誉,“奇峰”、“怪石”、“林海”、“神泉”为其天然景观。凤凰岭风景区距离天安门33公里,是游人逃离都市喧嚣、放松身心的绝佳之处。区内人文景观丰富多彩,京西名刹“龙泉寺” 最早修建于辽代,是一座集佛教、道教、地方宗教于一体的文化胜地。每年3至5月,凤凰岭南线景区600余亩杏花竞相开放,吸引全国各地的游客到此踏青赏花。

旅游小贴士:

门票参考:25元/人

公交线路:乘坐地铁4号线在“北宫门”站下车,转乘346路公交车在“凤凰岭”站下车即到。

(中国网)



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