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胜利方程式:美国队国际奥数赛夺冠

2015-08-06    来源:21英语    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

胜利方程式:美国队国际奥数赛夺冠

Winning Formula: USA team tops IMO

不久前,国际数学奥林匹克竞赛落下帷幕,美国队出人意料的击败了中国队,获得冠军。美国媒体对于这件此事也是竞相报道。

Team USA won the first place at this year's International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) held in Chiang Mai, Thailand, reclaiming the crown after 21 years. The six US high school students defeated teams from 103 countries, including its strongest rival, China, which has won 14 times over the past 20 years. The U.S. edged out China by four points, 185-181.
2015国际数学奥林匹克竞赛在泰国清迈举行,美国队时隔21年后重夺桂冠。美国队由六名高中生组成,他们击败了其他103个国家的代表队,这其中也包括最强的对手——在过去20年中获得14次冠军的中国队。185-181,美国队4分险胜中国队。

In 1980, the United States hockey team pulled off one of the greatest upsets in Olympic history, beating a powerhouse Soviet squad, 4-3, on its way to winning the gold medal. The game would go down in history as "The Miracle on Ice".
1980年,美国的冰球队以4比3击败强大的苏联队获得金牌,完成奥运历史上最伟大的逆转之一。“冰上奇迹”也在奥运历史上写下浓重一笔。

Thirty-five years later, America pulled off another stunning upset. Team America has finally retaken the International Mathematical Olympiad crown. The victory this week was a historic comeback.
35年后,美国队再次完逆袭,重夺国际数学奥林匹克赛的冠军,完成历史性的回归。

If winning a youth math competition seems less important than vanquishing the Soviets back in 1980, consider this: the last time America won the IMO was 1994. Back then, Bill Clinton was president.
如果你认为,赢得一场青少年数学竞赛没有1980年击败强大的苏联队那样重要,那么你应该想想这件事:美国队上次在国际数学奥林匹克赛事中夺冠是1994年,当时的美国总统还是克林顿。

"It's been 21 years," Team USA's head coach, Po-Shen Loh, told The Washington Post. "This is a huge deal." He should know. Loh himself was a contestant back in 1999, when the U.S. slumped to 10th place.
“21年了,”美国队的教练罗博申在接受《华盛顿邮报》的采访时表示,“这可是个大事儿。”罗博申教练明白其中酸甜苦辣。他在1999年时曾代表美国队参赛,当年的美国队仅仅获得第10名。

"This is a matter of national pride." he explained. "One reason we are super excited is that for the past five years or so, we've been consistently second or third. It's actually quite difficult to win. We are going up against a natural population disadvantage in the sense that China, which is the usual winner, has four times as many people."
“这事关国家骄傲,”罗博申表示,“我们激动的一个原因在于,过去五六年中,我们一直都是第2或者第3名,拿冠军太难了。我们面对中国时,有着天然的人口劣势。而中国通常是赢家,人口也是我们的4倍。”

The tournament consists of two tests on two days, each lasting four and a half hours. Students have to solve three problems a day, with each question worth seven points adding up to a 42-point total.
国际数学奥林匹克竞赛分两天进行,每天一场比赛,每场比赛四个半小时。选手们每天需要完成三道题目,每道题7分,总共是42分。

The first questions on each day are the easiest and grow progressively harder. Most years, few students solve the third questions.
每天的第一道题都是最容易的,之后逐渐增加难度。通常,很少有学生能解答出第三道题。

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

1. pull off 胜利完成

2. vanquishing v. 战胜,克服,抑制,<文>征服( vanquish的现在分词 )

3. tournament n. 锦标赛, 锦标赛,联赛



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