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立秋贴秋膘:不容错过的美食

2015-08-10    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

立秋贴秋膘:不容错过的美食


什么是“贴秋膘”呢?实际上在炎热的夏季,人们什么都吃不下去,有厌食之感。一旦立秋,虽仍然很热,而人们的身上再无湿粘不适之感,毕竟凉爽的秋天快要到了。于是就开始萌发了要做点好吃的想法,以补偿入夏以来的亏空,吃什么呢?最解馋的是炖肉!用吃炖肉的办法把夏天身上掉的膘重新补回来,所以叫“贴秋膘”。

立秋,是二十四节气中的第13个节气,每年8月7、8或9日立秋。这一天民间素有“贴秋膘”一说 。 民间流行在立秋这天以悬秤称人,将体重与立夏时对比来检验肥瘦,体重减轻叫“苦夏”。那时人们对健康的评判,往往只以胖瘦做标准。瘦了当然需要“补”,补的办法就是“贴秋膘”,吃味厚的美食佳肴,当然首选吃肉,“以肉贴膘”。这一天,普通百姓家吃炖肉,讲究一点的人家吃白切肉、红焖肉,以及肉馅饺子、炖鸡、炖鸭、红烧鱼等。而如今,年轻女性往往担心被贴秋膘,希望能瘦一些。

Autumn Begins in August 7, which is the first solar term of autumn. From that day on, the weather becomes cooler. There is an old custom in China to “stick autumn fat” during that day. It is said that being fat and thin was the only standard for health in the ancient times. People have to think of ways to recover their health when they are thin. The way to recover health is to “stick autumn fat”. To “stick autumn fat”, meat should be second to none. Stewed meat, such as braised pork shoulder with soy sauce, sauced beef, braised mutton with soy sauce and stewed chicken and ducks are often selected as ingredients to “stick autumn fat”.

Here are five classical delicacies recommended as ingredients to “stick autumn fat”.

Delicacies: Braised Pork Shoulder with Soy Sauce
美食一:酱肘子

Braised pork shoulder with soy sauce is a traditional Chinese dish and is very nutritious with good appearance and flavor.
酱肘子是一道中国传统美食,营养丰富,色香味俱全。

Delicacies: Pork Head Meat
美食二:猪头肉

The pork head meat in Liuhe District, Nanjing is very popular and is one of the features of Liuhe District. It is said that it has been very famous since Late Qing Dynasty. Local pigs are used. The pig head meat is made under the processes of de-hairing, draining all blood, being salted in old brine, boiled with a high-temperature fire and stewing in slow fire.
南京市六合区的猪头肉尤为出名,是六合区的特产之一,早在晚清时就享有盛名。主料选用地方土猪,经手工去毛、沥尽血水、老卤腌制、旺火煮沸、文火焖烂等工序制成。

Delicacies: Roast Duck
美食三:烤鸭

It is an imperial dish. Beijing ducks are famous for its tender meat, tasty flavor and nutrition. It works in helping people soften the heart and head blood vessel. The duck skin contains quantities of collagen, which is a very good cosmetic delicacy.
清代宫廷御菜。北京鸭以肉质细腻,口感良好,营养丰富而闻名。人体吸收后能软化心脑血管。该鸭的表皮中含有大量的胶原蛋白,是美容佳品。

Delicacies: Sauced Beef
美食四:酱牛肉

Sauced beef works in helping people invigorate spleen-stomach and replenish qi, nourish the spleen and stomach, strengthen bones and muscles, reduce phlegm and quench one’s thirst.
酱牛肉,有补中益气、滋养脾胃、强健筋骨、化痰息风、止渴止涎的功效。

Delicacies: Braised Mutton
美食五:红煨羊肉

Braised mutton with soy sauce is a very popular dish in Baikui Restaurant. Baikui was established in the 45th year during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in Qing Dynasty and was originally called Dongchangshun. As the braised mutton with soy sauce is very popular, customers gradually named the restaurant Baikui.
“烧羊肉”是北京清真馆白魁老号的名肴。白魁老号开业于清•乾隆四十五年,原名东长顺。因店主白魁制作“烧羊肉”很有名气,久而久之, 人们把东长顺直呼为“白魁”了。

The Origin of “Stick Autumn Fat”
“贴秋膘”的起源

In the ancient times, there were many customs during the solar terms, most of were related to eating and preventing disease. Food is the paramount necessity of the people and eating becomes very important in the important beginning of autumn. So there will be customs to “stick autumn fat”, which is very popular in Beijing and Hebei Province.

Apart from “stick autumn fat” during the beginning of autumn, there is another custom named “bite the autumn”. People believed that eating melons can avoid diarrhea during winter and spring, which was recorded in the works of Zhangtao in Qing Dynasty.

What Other Food Will People Eat to “Stick Autumn Fat”?
人们还吃什么其它食物“贴秋膘”?


Lotus seed: it helps relieve summer heat and strengthen the body.
莲子:有助于解热消暑及补体虚。

White hyacinth bean: it helps strengthen the spleen and stomach and increase appetite.
白扁豆:有助于补脾胃增食欲。



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