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学霸超强备考技能:助你逢考必过

2015-12-08    来源:北外    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

学霸超强备考技能:助你逢考必过

进入12月,伴随着圣诞老人的铃铛声越来越近,期末考试的阴影也如影随形地煎熬着每一位备考小伙伴。其实不只是在校同学,很多备考雅思的“烤鸭”也会在考前半年开启焦虑模式——细水长流按部就班复习容易虎头蛇尾,背了后面忘了前面;没头没脑昏天黑地突击,心理作用跟实际成绩完全不成正比。

那么,让我们看看貌似学业轻松,考试简单的外国人是怎么给出考试建议的吧。不论是否身处应试环境,人与人、与自己的抗争都是一样的,成长与突破一定会伴随汗水与疼痛。
 
活着,任何事都是,尽力就好。
 
Block distracting websites ahead of time.
不要让网络分散你的注意力
Get distractions out of the way before you even get started by blocking time-wasting websites with extensions like Stay Focused or Cold Turkey. Even things you think won’t distract you can wind up being huge time-sucks when you’re desperate to procrastinate, Jenny Yip, Psy.D., author of Productive, Successful You!: End Procrastination by Making Anxiety Work for You Rather Than Against You, tells BuzzFeed Life.
如今各大网站、游戏、APP、朋友圈,都在争分夺秒地吸引着我们的注意力,而我们早已习惯了碎片化、多维度地思考问题,但这种方式真的不利于大家集中密集地复习冲刺期末考试啊同学们。有意识地控制一下你飘忽的意识和饥渴的脑洞吧,这也有利于拖延症的康复哦。
 
Realistically think about how much time each task will take before you just add it to your planner.
嘴大嗓子眼小是制定计划的大忌。
Scheduling is key,think about how long this will actually realistically take you, then block out that time. Do this for all of your classes and assignments, logging it by hand or via app, including as many details as possible. Even if your plans change, having a set schedule keeps you accountable and will keep you from putting something off that’s going to take at least two full days to tackle.
制定学习计划是很实用的窍门,但前提是要正视自己现有水平和能力,留出充足的时间按照你的时间表一点点完成复习。对每一门课程和作业都要尽可能详细地制定时间表,当计划赶不上变化时,及时调整你的安排要比急于追赶速度或自暴自弃来得实在多了。
 
Add relaxation and social time to that schedule.
在时间表里也要打出休息的时间
Finals season has a nasty habit of making you feel guilty for stepping away from your responsibilities. Adding non-study time to your schedule will remind you that it’s a necessary part of doing well. Whether you carve out fifteen minutes, an hour or half the day, you need to get out, even if it’s just to take a walk and get some fresh air.
期末考试前“偶尔享乐”往往会让人有种罪恶感,但放松一下真的是很必要的啊。不妨把休息时间写进你的计划,不管是休息一个小时还是大半天,关键是此时你急需出去走走,呼吸下户外的新鲜空气。
 
Set certain times to check your email, Facebook, Twitter, whatever.
给自己划定一个“微信时间”
Quitting social media cold turkey is an awesome way to up your productivity during finals. But since that’s way easier said than done, Yip suggests only catching up on your social channels at specific times each day. It’s a nice way to reward yourself for working without distraction and it’ll save you from falling down an Instagram rabbit hole.
彻底封杀微信微博,完全不刷朋友圈当然会提高你的学习效率,但大部分人都是空有雄心完全做不到。与其这样不如给自己设定一段专门的“社交时间”,该聊的时候打嗨聊,耍完回来踏踏实实学习。
 
Do not load up on more caffeine than usual.
玩命喝咖啡并没有用
You might feel like you need to double up on coffee during your marathon study sessions, but actually, you’re not helping yourself at all. “Your body naturally produces extra adrenaline during exam week,” says Yip. “Extra caffeine actually inhibits your learning process because you become too jittery and overly energetic, and it interferes with your ability to focus.”
So stick to your usual Starbucks order and trust adrenaline to carry you the rest of the way.
在考试那几天,不要盲目以为多喝几杯咖啡或红牛会让你活力四射。事实上,考试季来临的时候,你的身体自然而然就会肾上腺素爆棚,人为地多摄入咖啡红牛这种功能性饮料只会让你过度兴奋,从而严重影响你的注意力和判断力。
 
DO NOT pull all-nighters before exams.
临时抱佛脚熬通宵什么的最得不偿失了。
No matter how necessary it seems, this strategy will most likely backfire. Sleep is so important for your mental wellbeing and your cognitive functioning. We know from research that when we are deprived of sleep, it interferes with our ability for logical reasoning and our memory.”
熬夜复习这种事真心没有想象中那么有用。保证良好的休息睡眠,第二天才会神清气爽,没准还能超常发挥。而反过来说睡眠不足会直接导致你反应慢,大脑逻辑跟不上,记性差等各种问题。
 
Don’t try to cram in the hour before an exam.
考前填鸭式复习最蠢了
By that point, you’ve done all you can do and that last hour isn’t going to do you any favors Instead, prep for the test by relaxing and trying to get in the best state of mind possible. These tricks will help get you into the chill zone.
在考场外总会见到很多同学拿着复习提纲背背背,但这能有多少用呢?如果考试知识点你已经烂熟于心,这时候最该做的是放~轻~松~而拿着提纲翻来覆去看只会让你心情更紧张,考卷发下来反而容易脑袋一片空白。
 
Decorate your study space with positive affirmations.
鸡血格言很好用
It may feel cheesy, but you’ll be surprised how much a few sticky notes of your favorite motivational quotes around your desk will help you down the line when you start feeling hopeless. And it’s an easy bit of ~productive~ procrastination to help you ease into the week.
听起来可能有点不靠谱,但在你背单词或复习到几近绝望的时候,这些你格言真的能给你带来些动力。并且,简单粗暴的鸡汤真的能让你迅速进入战备状态。
 
Prep everything that you’ll need ahead of time.
准备好你可能用到的所有东西
Figure out ahead of time what you’ll need so you’ll have fewer excuses to procrastinate with this stuff later. Think: stocking up on snacks so you’re not constantly running out for food, already grabbing notes from those lectures you skipped, etc.
在准备复习之前将所有可能要用到的东东都放到随手能够到的地方,免去犯拖延症的借口。比如零食,这样你不用单为填饱肚子跑出去一趟;还有提前把网上搜集的资料笔记整理好,不要一边复习一边上网查,很容易分散注意力。
 
Assemble your support group, even if you like studying alone.
喜欢自己复习的人也最好找个伴相互鼓励
You don’t have to have a study group, exactly, but you don’t want to isolate yourself either. Having social groups that can help you get through it is vital. It helps you feel like you’re not alone in your stress. That’s one of the worst feelings you can have – that everyone else is doing well while you’re struggling.
So whether that’s getting a study group together, setting a catch-up lunch date with your friends, or just having someone to text and check in with, line it up.
这里不是说让你搞共产小组互帮互助,而是希望每个人都能找到不让自己与世隔绝的学习方法。在紧张的备考阶段有人和你抱着共同的目标奋斗,一起分担心理压力要比唐吉珂德式的单打独斗更能让人保持斗志。所以,不论是小组讨论还是约饭吐槽,又或者只是相互自测,大家约起来共同面对期末的挑战吧。
 
最后,祝大家期末都能考出好成绩!


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