Are you older and wiser than your brother or sister - or younger and more rebellious? There has long been a fascination with how our position amongst siblings affects character traits, but new research has revealed that these stereotypes do not stand up to scrutiny. However, there may be other reasons to be envious of your sibling’s birth position.
In a new study from the University of Leipzig, researchers examined how neurotic, extraverted, conscientious, open and agreeable 20,000 people were from the UK, US and Germany - and concluded that personality is not affected by whether you were born first, last or in between.
But science is increasingly showing that your birth order can affect who you are in different ways - older siblings are smarter on average, while the youngest are healthier.
In the Leipzig study a small difference in intelligence was found - firstborns tended to be slightly more intelligent than their younger siblings, who are in turn slightly more intelligent than their younger siblings.
envious：形容词，羡慕的，嫉妒的。例句：I’m very envious of your new coat - it’s lovely.（我真羡慕你的新外套，好漂亮。）
neurotic：形容词，神经过敏的，神经质的。例句：She’s neurotic about her weight - she weighs herself three times a day.（她对体重很在意——每天要量3次。）
conscientious：形容词，一丝不茍的。例句：a conscientious student 认真的学生。