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主办城市大盘点:里约之后去哪看奥运?

2016-08-24    来源:新浪教育    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

       The Rio Games are just wrapping up but it’s never too early to think about where the world will be turning its attention to next, especially since there are less than 18 months until the cauldron is lit in Pyeongchang, South Korea。

  里约奥运会刚刚落下帷幕,但是现在考虑全世界下一个关注点却一点都不早。尤其是现在,还有不到18个月,韩国平昌冬奥会的圣火就要点燃了。
 
  The 2018 Games will return to East Asia for the first time since 2008, setting in motion a string of three-straight competitions in the region。 Here’s a rundown of the upcoming Olympic locations and how those cities captured hosting rights for the international event。
  自从2008年北京奥运会以来,奥运会就重新回到了东亚地区,在这个地区将连续有三场赛事。下面就来说说以后几届奥运会的举办城市,以及这些城市是如何获得这项国际赛事的主办权的。
 
 


  2018 Winter Olympics: Pyeongchang, South KoreaFollowing two failed attempts to host the 2010 and 2014 Games, Pyeongchang finally secured South Korea’s first Winter Olympics in history。 Seoul previously hosted the Summer Games in 1988。
  2018年冬奥会:韩国,平昌平昌未能成功申办2010年和2014年冬奥会,终于申办成功了2018年的冬奥会,这也是韩国历史上第一次成功申办冬奥会。韩国首都首尔(当时叫汉城)主办了1988年夏季奥运会。
 
  Pyeongchang was selected as host city in 2011, earning the nod over Munich and Annecy, France, to win the nomination。 Preparations are well underway – South Korea broke ground on a high-speed train line from Seoul to Pyeongchang right before the 2012 London Games。 The 2013 Special Olympics were also hosted in the city。
  平昌在2011年击败了德国慕尼黑和法国安纳西被选为2018年冬奥会主办城市。准备工作正在顺利进行中——在2012年伦敦奥运会开始之前,韩国开始破土动工修建一条从首尔到平昌的高速铁路。2013年特奥会也会在平昌举办。
 
  With a similar name to Pyongyang – the capital of North Korea – Olympic organizers decided to brand the Games as “PyeongChang 2018” with a capital letter to further distinguish the host city。
  因为名字和朝鲜首都平壤很像,奥运会的组织者决定用大写字母书写“平昌2018”的奥运标志,用来把主办城市平昌和平壤区分开来。
 
 


  2020 Summer Olympics: TokyoTokyo will become the fifth city to host the Summer Games for a second time, with a 56-year gap between 1964 and 2020。 The Japanese capital was chosen over Istanbul and Madrid in 2013。
  2020年夏季奥运会:东京,东京将成为第五个两次主办夏季奥运会的城市,这个城市上次主办奥运会是在1964年。作为日本首都的东京,在2013年击败了土耳其伊斯坦布尔和西班牙马德里成为主办城市。
 
  The National Olympic Stadium, built in 1954, was demolished last year – originally in preparation for the 2019 Rugby World Cup and the Olympics。 With a delayed timetable, however, the $1 billion project has been pushed back and won’t be ready until after the Rugby World Cup。 The venue will seat over 60,000 people for the Games。
  建于1954年的国家奥林匹克体育场于去年拆毁,本来预定在原址上修建2019年橄榄球世界杯和2020年奥运会的场馆。但是由于时间上的拖延,这项投资10亿美元的工程已经搁浅,知道橄榄球世界杯比赛时才会准备好。这个奥运场馆可以容纳超过60000名观众。
 
  2022 Winter Olympics: Beijing What seemed to be a sure hosting win for Oslo, Norway, took an unexpected turn back in 2014 when the city withdrew its bid because of cost concerns。 A year later and Beijing emerged as the narrow victor, edging Almaty, Kazakhstan, by four votes。
  2022年冬奥会:北京,2014年,本来挪威奥斯陆已经稳操胜券,却意外反转——因为经费的考虑,奥斯陆撤回了申请。一年之后,北京以四票的微弱差距击败了哈萨克斯坦阿拉木图,拿到了主办权。
 
  The 2022 Games – the third Olympics in a row that will be hosted in East Asia – will be the first winter edition in China。 There will be three clusters for competition: Beijing, Yanqing and Zhangjiakou。 Travel time from Beijing to Zhangjiakou – a longer trip than to Yanqing – is estimated to take 50 minutes on a new high-speed railway that will allow trains to travel at up to 217 mph。
  2022年冬奥会就是奥运会连续三次在东亚举行了,这将是中国主办的第一届冬奥会。这次冬奥会将有三个会场:北京,北京延庆县和张家口。北京到张家口的距离比北京市区到延庆县长得多,在修建了时速达到217英里每小时的新型高速铁路之后,估计路程会缩减到50分钟。
 
  Beijing most recently hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics, spending $44 billion。 The estimated budget of the 2022 Games is $3.9 billion。
  北京最近一次主办奥运会是在2008年,耗资440亿美元。2022年冬奥会的大致预算是39亿美元。
 
  2024 Summer Olympics: Budapest, Los Angeles, Paris, or RomeThere’s still an entire year before the 2024 Games are awarded to a host city at the 130th International Olympic Committee Session in September 2017。 The bidding process is well underway, though, and the finalists have been winnowed down to four。
     2024年夏季奥运会:布达佩斯,洛杉矶,巴黎或者罗马距离2017年9月第130届国际奥委会会议还有整整一年的时间。竞标过程还在顺利进行中,胜者将从这四个城市中被甄选出来。
 
        Budapest, Hungary, has lost five bids to host the Games in its history, and it appears to be lagging behind the other three cities with greater Olympic resumes。 Paris would be looking to host for the first time since 1924, Rome since 1960 and Los Angeles since 1984。
  匈牙利布达佩斯历史上已经五次申办奥运会失败了,这个城市的履历也不如其他三个城市那么光鲜——巴黎在1924年、罗马在1960年、洛杉矶在1984年分别举办过奥运会。
 
  2026 Winter Olympics: TBDA decade away, plans for the 2026 Games are still up in the air。 The organizing city will be selected in 2019, but there are a number of early signs pointing to the possibility of a European host。 Options include Austria, Germany, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland, among others。
  2026年冬奥会:尚未决定,离现在还有十年,2026年冬奥会的计划还没有开始制定。主办城市将在2019年选出,但是种种迹象都表明,很有可能这次是一个欧洲城市。可能会在奥地利、德国、意大利、瑞典和瑞士中间选一个地方。


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