细谈十二生肖中的马

作者:admin

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2016-8-25 17:00

下面是一篇双语阅读材料,小编搜集的有关马文化以及其背后的故事,下面快来看下吧.

娱乐文化


中国人的十二生肖十分有趣。生肖指的是:the year of the animal in which one was born。为什么会有十二个动物呢?According to legend,传说很久以前Buddha 在过年的时候召集天下所有动物来开会共商大事,but only twelve animals showed up,只有十二个动物赶来参加。于是,Buddha就按动物到来的先后顺序为每一年命了名。最先到的是rat,最后到的是pig。In the order of their arrival, from the rat to the pig, Buddha conferred on each a year of its own. 这样就开始了十二个动物为一轮的属相纪年法。The twelve-year cycle of the Chinese zodiac began. 古代中国的星相学认为人的属相,the animal sign under which a person was born,是同一个人的根本性格和命运息息相关的。According to Chinese astrology , the animal sign associated with the year of a person’s birth determines one’s fundamental character and foretells one’s destiny . 在这里,我们来谈谈horse。

“伯乐与千里马“的故事每个中国人都十分熟悉。西方人对马表现了同样浓厚的兴趣。希腊人凭借着腹中掏空的木马,a hollow wooden horse, 把将士藏在其中,巧妙地攻下了特洛伊城(the city of Troy)。特洛伊木马,a Trojan horse,从此家喻户晓。现在人们用它来指“一项活动(an activity)或一项政策(a policy)看似没有危害,但实质上是会坏大事的“,to seem harmless but is likely to damage or destroy something important。古罗马帝王查尔斯五世说:“他同God讲西班牙语,同women讲意大利语,同men讲法语,同他的horse讲德语。“对英国人来说赛马,horse race,从前是国王们特有的运动,the sport of kings,而今它变成了人人可以参与的“运动之王“,the king of sports。

马的食粮很大。A horse has a large appetite ,英语中说一个人能吃得很,会说:A person eats like a horse. 这一表达法可能来自于一个古老的谚语:A hungry horse makes a clean manger .(一匹饿马能把马槽打扫得干干净净)。而一个人饿极了会说:I could eat a horse.(我都能吃下一匹马。)He is extremely hungry. 马很强壮。英文中有as strong as a horse一说。To work like a horse指的就是像牛马一样辛苦地干活。

To look a gift horse in the mouth, 这短语表达的是对别人送来礼物的质量不信任、百般挑剔,to be critical of a gift。据说马长到一定年龄,人们只要掰开马嘴看看嘴里的牙就能确定马的年龄。The expression refers to the bad manners displayed by one who receives a gift if he examines it for defects (缺陷). 那么收到礼物的人如果不顾场合,迫不及待想看看礼物有没有毛病,这个坏习惯令人想起“得了便宜还卖乖“的说法。It was considered insulting to closely examine and inspect a horse that was a gift — as if you did not trust the donor to give quality. 既然马的下齿不折不扣地显示一匹马的实际年龄,因此to get something straight from the horse’s mouth指的就是to get something (news, information, etc.) from a reliable source, 得到的消息、信息可靠,可信。

Horse around是说没有目的地乱玩、胡闹,to behave in a silly and noisy way, 用来指公众场合无视规矩的举动。相近的另一说法是horseplay, 指的是你推我搡的嬉闹。“Cut the horseplay. Be quiet. This is a library.“(“别胡闹了。安静。这是图书馆。“)马常常会发出大声的类似人笑的声音,the loud, laughter-like noise。Horse-laugh从十八世纪开始,就用来指人毫无顾忌的放声大笑、哄笑,a loud, coarse, vulgar (不雅的) laugh。

在选举或是比赛中支持错了人,英语说to back the wrong horse, 意思是to make an error in judgment, to support the wrong person。To ride the high horse, 骑着高头大马,表现的是一个人摆架子,神气活现、自命不凡,to act pretentiously 。

“马到成功“是马年的祝福语,它的意思是能迅速成功、能轻易成事,to win instant success, to accomplish quickly and easily。祝大家马到成功!