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圣瓦伦丁是谁?——情人节的起源

2017-02-14    来源:未知    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

情人节为什么叫圣瓦伦丁节呢?情人节是怎么来的呢?小编在普特英语听力网文化娱乐为你解答。

Valentine’s day may have its origins in the Lupercalia, an ancient Roman, and possibly pre-Roman, pastoral festival.
情人节可能起源于古罗马时期或者罗马以前时期的牧神节,这是一个有关畜牧的节日。

The Lupercalia were celebrated on the ides of February, and subsumed the spring cleansing ritual of Februa, which gives the month of February its name.
牧神节在二月的月中日,它整合了涤罪节的扫除习惯。二月以涤罪节命名。
 




By purifying the city and purging it of evil spirits, the Lupercalia brought health and fertility.
通过净化城市与心灵中的邪念,牧神节带给大家健康与丰收。

 Priests sacrificed a goat and a dog to the god Lupercus, whose image, nude but for the girdle of a goatskin, stood in the Lupercal, the cave in which a she-wolf (lupa) suckled Romulus and Remus, the mythical founders of Rome.
 神父在畜牧神卢波库斯面前宰杀一只山羊和一只狗。神除了穿了一件山羊皮做的腰封以外一丝不挂,站在牧神节的山洞中,在这个洞中,一只母狼哺育了传说中罗马的创始人Romulus和Remus。
 
  Lupercus is associated with Faunus,  the Greek god of the wild.
  畜牧神卢波库斯和希腊的丰收之神弗恩乌斯是一样的。

The origins of St Valentine (or Valentinus, meaning ‘strength’) are so obscure that, in 1969, the Catholic Church removed him from the General Roman (liturgical) Calendar.
圣瓦伦丁(或者瓦伦廷,意为“力量”)起源是如此的鲜为人知以至于在1969年,天主教会将它从罗马天主教圣人历移除了。


There are at least three early Christian saints by the name of Valentinus.
至少有3个名为瓦伦廷的圣徒。

One was a priest in Rome, the second was a bishop in Terni, and the third was martyred in Africa.
第一个是罗马的牧师,第二个是特尔尼的主教,第三个在非洲殉教。

 The flower-crowned skull of one of the first two Valentines can be venerated in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.
 前两位瓦伦廷的遗骨被陈列在罗马的科斯梅丁圣母教堂中,在花团锦簇中接受着人们的膜拜。
 
 In 496, Pope Gelasius I established St Valentine’s February 14th feast day, perhaps to replace or Christianize the rowdy Lupercalia.
 在公元496年,教皇革拉修斯一世创立了2月14日的圣瓦伦丁节,也许是为了取代或着基督教化吵闹的牧神节吧。
 
 St Valentine, usually represented with birds and roses, became the Patron Saint of courtly love, lovers, affianced couples, and happy marriages, and also beekeepers, epilepsy, fainting, and plague, among others.
 代表着鸟儿和玫瑰的圣瓦伦丁成为了有礼貌的爱情,情人,订婚情侣和美好姻缘的守护神,也是养蜂人,癫痫,晕厥以及瘟疫的的守护神。

本文翻译为普特英语原创,转载请注明出处。



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