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牛津大学研究:爱情就像毒品使人神伤!

2017-05-03    来源:爱语吧    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

牛津大学最近一项研究表明,爱情就像毒品一样会令人上瘾,并导致人受伤。

 

It’s on your mind all the time, and despite the ups and downs, you keep coming back for more.

爱情一直萦绕在人们心头,尽管磕磕碰碰、跌跌撞撞,有情人还是会一往无前。

Love is known to cause symptoms similar to those seen with addiction, and has even been linked to addiction-like activity in the brain.

正如人们所知,爱情会引起类似上瘾的症状,甚至与大脑中的成瘾活动有关。

But, scientists remain divided on whether you truly can become addicted to love.

但是科学家们在人是否真的会对爱情上瘾这个问题上分歧很大。

 



In a new study, researchers analyzed 64 studies on the two subjects dating back to 1956, and found that love addiction does exist – and it comes in two forms.

在一项最新研究中,科学家们分析了64份有关这两个问题的研究(这些研究甚至可以追溯到1956年),他们发现“爱瘾”真的存在——且有两种形式。

The researchers from Oxford University Centre for Neuroethics looked at 64 studies on love and addiction published between 1956 and 2016, according to New Scientist.

据《新科学家(New Scientist)》杂志报道,来着牛津大学神经伦理学中心的研究者们分析了64份研究,这些研究都有关爱情和成瘾,分别出版于1956年至2016年之间。

As with drugs, the team found that love can trigger reward signals in the brain and can cause euphoria – but, it can also lead to cravings, obsessive behaviour, and grief when a relationship ends.

该团队发现爱情和毒品一样,可以在大脑中出发奖励信号、并引发快感——但是当一段关系结束时,也会导致渴望、强迫行为、以及悲伤。

The team identified two distinct ways to describe love addiction: a ‘narrow’ view and a ‘broad’ view.

该团队确定了两种不同的“爱瘾”:“狭义”和“广义”。

‘The narrow view counts only the most extreme, harmful forms of love or love-related behaviours as being potentially addictive in nature,’ the authors wrote in the study.

作者们在研究中写道:“狭义爱瘾是最极端、最有害的爱,或者在本质上有可能令人上瘾的爱情相关行为。”

‘The broad view, by contrast, counts even basic social attachment as being on a spectrum of addictive motivations, underwritten by similar neurochemical processes as more conventional addictions.’

“相比之下,广义爱瘾是基本的社会依恋,包括一连串的致瘾动机,这是一种类似传统致瘾的神经化学过程。”

According to the researchers, ‘narrow’ love addiction is the result of abnormal processes in the brain’s reward center.

据研究者们表示称,狭义爱瘾是大脑奖励中心异常过程的结果。

This form of love addiction is thought to be ‘quite rare,’ and has been linked to attachment behaviours that interfere with other aspects of that person’s everyday life.

这种爱瘾被认为是“非常罕见的”,并且被认为和干扰个人日常生活其他方面的连接行为有关。

And, it’s even led to stalking and murder, according to New Scientist.

而且据《新科学家》报道,这种爱瘾甚至还会导致跟踪和谋杀。

‘Broad’ love addiction, on the other hand, is more like typical love, though cravings are stronger.

而另一方面,广义是爱瘾更像是典型的爱情——虽然欲望更强一些。

Both of these forms, though, can cause harm, as they can lead to unhealthy and even abusive relationships.

但是这两种爱瘾都会造成伤害,因为它们可能会导致不健康、甚至是虐待的关系。

According to the researchers, further study is necessary to determine if either, or both, of these conditions should be considered potential forms of addiction.

据研究人员表示称,有必要进行进一步的研究来确定,是否其中一种爱瘾(或者两者)应该被认为是潜在的上瘾形式。

But, they say the evidence shows that those who experience love ‘addiction’ share processes in the brain with those seen in drug addiction.

但是他们表示说,证据显示那些经历过爱瘾的人和有毒瘾的人具有相似的大脑活动。

‘At a minimum, however, the evidence we have discussed in this article suggests that drug addiction, on one hand, and at least certain love-related experiences or behaviours, on the other, can reasonably be understood to be equivalent phenomena at the level of the brain, underwritten by the same neurophysiological processes,’ the authors wrote.

作者们写道:“但是至少我们在本文中所讨论的证据表明,一方面,至少某种爱情相关的经历或行为和毒瘾类似,而另一方面,爱瘾和毒瘾都可以理解为大脑层面的等效现象,都是类似的神经生理过程。”

‘If this is correct, it cannot be the case that (narrow) addiction is a phenomenon confined to addictive drugs.’

“如果这一想法是正确的,那么上瘾(狭义上的)就可能不只是一种只局限于成瘾药物的现象。”



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