爱因斯坦“上帝之信”以290万美元高价卖出:上帝是人类弱点的产物

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2018-12-10 15:29

It’s not often that a mere piece of paper will be worth a few million dollars. But when it’s a letter written by Albert Einstein about how God is a “product of human weaknesses,“ a multimillion-dollar price tag is exactly what you get.

一般很少能看到仅仅一张纸就能值几百万美元的情况。但是,如果这张纸是爱因斯坦写的关于上帝是“人类弱点的产物“的一封信的话,那可就真的值好几百万美元了。
A document written by the iconic, Nobel Prize-winning physicist that’s known as the “God letter“ just sold at Christie’s auction house in New York for a whopping $2.9 million.
这位获得诺贝尔奖的著名物理学家撰写的一份名为“上帝之信“的文件,刚刚在纽约佳士得拍卖行以高达290万美元的价格售出。
According to Christie’s, this is a “remarkably candid, private letter“ that “most fully articulated expression of his religious and philosophical views.“
据说,这是一封“非常坦率的私人信件“,并且“最充分地表达了他对宗教和哲学的看法“。


The 1954 letter, written a year before Einstein’s death, indeed contains his thoughts on religion, specifically his own Jewish faith. He wrote the letter to philosopher Eric Gutkind, who wrote a book entitled Choose Life The Biblical Call to Revolt, which discussed Judaism and scientific study, according to CBS News.
这封信是爱因斯坦于1954年——他去世前一年写的,里面讲到了他对宗教的看法,尤其是他自己所属的犹太教。据CBS新闻报道,这封信是爱因斯坦写给哲学家Eric Gutkind的,以回应Gutkind的书《Choose Life The Biblical Call to Revolt》,书中讨论了犹太教以及一些科学研究。
Einstein didn’t agree with Gutkind about the role that God and religion play in an individual’s life. He said that the book was “written in a language which is inaccessible to me.“
爱因斯坦不同意Gutkind关于上帝和宗教在个人生活中所扮演的角色的观点。他说,这本书是“用一种我无法理解的语言写的。“
The most sensational revelation that the letter contains is Einstein’s renouncement of God. In the letter, Einstein wrote
这封信最轰动的一点在于:里面说到爱因斯对上帝的否定。爱因斯坦在信中写道:


“The word God is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honorable but still primitive legends. No interpretation, no matter how subtle, can (for me) change anything about this.“
“对于我来说,‘上帝’这个词不过是人类弱点的表达和产物,《圣经》汇集了很多古老珍贵的故事,但仍然是相当原始的传说。(圣经的)解释,无论多么的巧妙,(于我而言)都不能改变任何事实。“
Einstein included his own Jewish faith in his rejection of religion as well, writing
爱因斯坦身为犹太人,他对犹太教的看法也是如此:
“For me the Jewish religion like all other religions is an incarnation of the most childish superstition…As far as my experience goes, they are in fact no better than other human groups, even if they are protected from the worst excesses by a lack of power. Otherwise I cannot perceive anything ‘chosen’ about them.“
“对我来说,犹太教和其它宗教一样,都是幼稚迷信的化身......就我个人经验而言,犹太人并不比人类其它族群更高明,即使他们因为权力缺乏而被过度保护。我不认为犹太人是上帝的‘选民’。“


This isn’t the first time that the letter has gone up for sale. It first sold back in 2008 at a London auction house for $404,000. The “God letter“ then resurfaced in 2012 on eBay with a starting bidding price of $3 million, although it appears that it did not sell at the time.
这封信不是第一次被拍卖。它最早于2008年在伦敦一家拍卖行以40.4万美元的价格售出。2012年,这封“上帝的信“又重新在eBay上拍卖,起价为300万美元,尽管当时似乎没有卖出去。
Because Einstein’s beliefs concerning religion have often been so hard to pin down, this letter’s value is extraordinary, as it seemingly remains the only real documentation in which Einstein makes definitive statements concerning his views on God and faith.
由于爱因斯坦对于自己宗教信仰的观点通常比较模糊,这封信的价值是非同寻常的,因为它似乎是爱因斯坦唯一一份在其中明确表明自己对于上帝和信仰的看法的文件。