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2013年我国外贸首破4万亿美元 同比增长7.6%

2014-01-13    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

China's foreign trade up 7.6 pct in 2013

海关总署10日公布数据,2013年我国对外贸易迈上新台阶,全年进出口总值4.16万亿美元,扣除汇率因素同比增长7.6%,较2012年进出口6.2%的增速有所反弹。

海关总署新闻发言人、综合统计司司长郑跃声在此间的国新办发布会上说,去年我国出口2.21万亿美元,进口1.95万亿美元,同比分别增长7.9%和7.3%。全年贸易顺差2597.5亿美元,较上年扩大12.8%。

2013年我国货物贸易进出口规模逐季环比增加,进出口同比增速在二季度探底,下半年呈现反弹态势。1至4季度,我国进出口总值分别为9753.8亿、1.02万亿、1.06万亿和1.1万亿美元,同比增速分别为13.5%、4.3%、6%和7.3%。

2013年,欧盟、美国、东盟、香港和日本为我国前五大贸易伙伴。其中我国对欧盟、美国的双边贸易额分别为5590.6亿、5210亿美元,同比分别增长2.1%和7.5%;我国对日本贸易额为3125.5亿美元,下降5.1%;内地对香港的双边贸易额为4010.1亿美元,增长17.5%。同期,我国对东盟、南非、中亚五国等新兴市场国家双边贸易额分别为4436.1亿、651.5亿、502.8亿美元,分别增长10.9%、8.6%和9.4%。

12月份我国进出口总值再创历史新高。12月当月进出口3898.4亿美元,同比增长6.2%。其中出口2077.4亿美元,增长4.3%,进口1821亿美元,增长8.3%。当月顺差256.4亿美元,缩减17.4%。

China's total exports and imports surpassed 4 trillion U.S. dollars for the first time to reach 4.16 trillion U.S. dollars in 2013, up 7.6 percent year on year, customs data have shown.

The growth rate, however, is slightly lower than the government's full-year target of 8 percent, published in the beginning of 2013.

China's exports rose 7.9 percent year on year to 2.21 trillion U.S. dollars in 2013, while imports increased 7.3 percent to 1.95 trillion U.S. dollars, customs data revealed on Friday.

The foreign trade surplus widened to 259.75 billion U.S. dollars in 2013, an increase of 12.8 percent from a year earlier, said Zheng Yuesheng, spokesman for the General Administration of Customs.

In December, China's foreign trade value hit a new high of 389.8 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 6.2 percent from a year earlier.

December's exports amounted to 207.7 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 4.3 percent, significantly lower than the 12.7-percent growth in November and also lower than the 5.6 percent in October. Import growth rose to 8.3 percent year on year in December from 5.3 percent in November.

"Export growth slowdown [in December] was in line with market expectations, while import growth was better than expected," said Lu Ting, chief China economist with the Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

According to Zheng, trade with the European Union (EU), China's biggest trade partner, edged up 2.1 percent year on year to 559.1 billion U.S. dollars in 2013. China exported 339 billion U.S. dollars' worth of goods to the EU, while importing 220.1 billion U.S. dollars' worth of goods from the EU.

Trade with the United States, China's second-biggest trade partner, rose 7.5 percent year on year to 521 billion U.S. dollars. China's exports to the United States amounted to 368.4 billion U.S. dollars, while imports from the country stood at 152.6 billion U.S. dollars.

China's trade with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, its third-largest trading partner, rose 10.9 percent year on year to 443.6 billion U.S. dollars.

Its trade with Japan meanwhile contracted 5.1 percent year on year, to 312.55 billion U.S. dollars.

"Today's trade data make us quite comfortable with our neither bullish nor bearish 2014 GDP and trade forecasts," Lu said.

Exports, along with retail sales and investment, have been one of the three main drivers for China's rapid economic growth. External demand supports about 12 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) and absorbs some 35 percent of industrial output.

Lu predicted stronger tailwinds, thanks to faster U.S. and European growth, than headwinds, owing to weak emerging markets and the strong Renminbi, for China's exports.

But headline export growth could still drop from 7.9 percent in 2013 to 7.6 percent in 2014 due to fake reporting of exports during January to April 2013, as some people took advantage of arbitrage opportunities in early 2013 over different exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and the onshore and offshore Renminbi, he said.

Lu forecast China's annual export growth could rise to 9.6 percent in 2014, contributing about 40 basic points to GDP growth. Headline import growth could tick up from 7.0 percent in 2013 to 7.9 percent in 2014 on robust domestic demand including some restocking of raw materials.

Headline trade surplus could rise slightly to 280 billion U.S. dollars in 2014, he also forecast.



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