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奥巴马政府提交3.9万亿美元新财年预算

2014-03-06    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Obama plans 3.9-trillion-USD budget for 2015

U.S. President Barack Obama unveiled a 3.9 trillion-dollar budget plan for the 2015 fiscal year, which will be used to fund infrastructure upgrading, education and other social programs.

Earlier, Obama has budgeted a deficit of 564 billion U.S. dollars for 2015, or 3.1 percent of the estimated Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Deficit in the next decade was estimated to stay between 400 billion dollars and 500 billion dollars, and the deficit to the GDP ratio will lower to 1.6 percent by 2024.

In the new budget outlined for the fiscal year starting Oct. 1, Obama aims to invest in infrastructure, job training and pre-school, and to cut taxes for working Americans while closing tax loopholes enjoyed by the wealthy.

"The budget I sent to Congress this morning lays out how we will implement this agenda in a balanced and responsible way. It is a roadmap for creating jobs with good wages and expanding opportunity for all Americans," Obama said during his visit to the Powell Elementary School in Washington, D.C..

"At a time when our deficits have been cut in half, it allows us to meet our obligations to future generations without leaving them a mountain of debt," he noted.

Of the total, the discretionary outlays are 1.19 trillion dollars, 623 billion for defense, 563 billion for non-defense, and 2.5 trillion for social security programs. 302 billion will be put into upgrading transportation infrastructure.

Obama also proposed to significantly strengthen the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which would cut taxes for 13.5 million working Americans. Permanent improvements on EITC will help 16 million families with 30 million children and have helped lift 1.4 million Americans out of poverty.

In spite of Obama's ambition, analysts said the election-year blueprint is in all likelihood to be rejected by the Republican-controlled House of Representatives and are unlikely to be endorsed finally.

Last December, the Congress passed a bipartisan accord which set the discretionary spending levels for the federal governmental departments slightly above 1 trillion dollars for each of the 2014 and 2015 fiscal years.

相关新闻:美国白宫4日向国会提交2015财年(始于2014年10月1日)联邦政府预算报告,报告计划在继续削减财政赤字的同时,加强基础设施、教育和科研等重点领域的投资,以提升经济竞争力。

根据这份报告,2015财年美国联邦政府支出总计约为3.9万亿美元,其中国防开支为6230亿美元,非国防开支为5630亿美元,包括社保、医保等在内的社会福利开支总额约为2.5万亿美元。

同时,2015财年联邦政府的财政收入预计约为3.3万亿美元,财政赤字约为5640亿美元,与国内生产总值之比为3.1%。

这份预算报告中包括建立先进制造业中心、扩大针对低收入家庭的税收优惠、未来4年投入3020亿美元用于路桥建设等内容。奥巴马政府计划用改革企业税制和填补税收漏洞等方法来增加政府税收。

奥巴马当天在白宫举行的新闻发布会上说,这份预算是一份创造就业,促进增长和提升经济保障的路线图。

根据美国联邦政府的正常预算审批流程,美国白宫每年2、3月份向国会提出下一财年的预算报告,国会参众两院将就此举行听证会,提出各自的预算版本并协商解决两个版本之间的分歧,参众两院要在4月中旬之前将最后商定的预算版本提交总统签署生效。但近年来由于两党围绕财政问题激烈博弈,这一流程屡被打破。

国会两党去年12月份已就2014财年和2015财年的政府预算支出达成协议。奥巴马政府当天公布的预算报告在国会批准的支出上限基础上增加了560亿美元开支,平均分配于国防和非国防项目,并计划用税收改革和削减其他开支的方法来筹集这笔资金。(新华网)



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