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美联储报告显示严寒天气“干扰”美经济

2014-03-07    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

U.S. economy expands in general amid severe weather: Fed report

U.S. economy was affected by the severe winter weather from January to early February, but most of the regions saw continued expansion and the outlook remained optimistic, a Federal Reserve report said on Wednesday.

In Fed's latest Beige Book which gauges 12 region's local economy, eight districts reported improved levels of activity, but in most cases the increases were characterized as "modest to moderate".

New York and Philadelphia experienced a slight decline in activity, which was mostly attributed to the unusually severe weather experienced in those regions. Growth slowed in Chicago, and Kansas City reported that conditions remained stable. The outlook among most districts remained optimistic.

Retail sales growth weakened in most districts, as severe winter weather limited activity. Weather was also cited as a contributing factor to softer auto sales in many districts.

Manufacturing activity expanded at a moderate pace in most districts. Several districts reported that severe winter weather had a negative effect on sales and production.

Commercial real estate leasing expanded, while reports on construction activity were mixed. Residential real estate markets continued to improve in several areas, albeit modestly.

Employment levels improved gradually for most districts, and shortages of specialized skilled labor continued to be reported.

Price pressures remained subdued, with the exception of upward cost pressures for some energy and construction products. Wage pressures remained stable for most districts.

The Beige Book is based on economic information supplied by the Fed's 12 regional banks and is released eight times a year to provide a snapshot of the local economy. It is updated about two weeks before each of the Fed's policy-setting meeting.

相关新闻:美国联邦储备委员会5日发布的《全国经济形势调查报告》说,1月至2月初,美国多数地区经济继续增长,但严寒天气给经济活动造成了不利影响。

美联储当天发布的报告根据其下属12家地区储备银行的最新调查结果编制而成,也称“褐皮书”。这份报告中多次提及了寒冷天气对经济活动的影响。

报告显示,克利夫兰、里士满、亚特兰大、达拉斯、旧金山等8个地区经济呈现缓慢到温和的增长;纽约和费城经济活动有所下滑;芝加哥经济增长放缓,而堪萨斯城经济情况稳定。多数地区对经济前景看法乐观。

报告显示,美国不少地区商品零售因天气原因增长减弱;制造业活动总体温和扩张,尽管严寒天气给多数地区的生产和销售造成了负面影响,但大部分地区对未来几个月的前景看法积极。

报告还指出,美国很多地区住宅楼市改善势头持续但增长放缓,多数地区待售房屋库存水平低而房价继续走高,半数地区新房建筑活动增加。此外,美国就业市场总体呈继续改善之势,通胀压力平稳。

美联储每年发布8次“褐皮书”,通过地区储备银行对全美经济形势进行摸底,该报告是美联储货币政策决策例会的重要参考资料。美联储下一次货币政策决策例会将于3月18日至19日召开。

美联储主席珍妮特·耶伦上周在美国会参议院银行委员会作证时表示,近来一系列数据不及预期,这或许部分反映出极端天气的影响,但这种影响到底有多大还有待评估,美联储将密切关注。她表示,除非经济前景发生明显变化,否则美联储不会改变目前削减购债规模的步伐。(新华网)



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