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联合国财政状况“基本良好”

2014-05-08    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

UN financial situation checked

A top UN official on Tuesday told reporters here that the financial situation of the world body at the end of 2013 was "generally sound," but stressing unpaid assessments remain at a significant level and continue to be highly concentrated.

Yukio Takasu, the UN under-secretary-general for management, made the statement at a press conference after he briefed the Fifth Committee of the UN General Assembly, which is in charge of UN administrative and budgetary affairs.

"Financial situation at the end of 2013 was generally sound, although it was necessary to draw on regular budget cash reserves (both Working Capital Fund and Special Account) during the last months of the year," Takasu said. "While there was an increase in the number of member states paying in full for the regular budget in 2013, unpaid assessments remain at a significant level and continue to be highly concentrated."

According to Takasu, the number of member states which paid their assessments in full stood at 168 last year, 16 more than that during the previous year.

"The financial health of the Organization continues to depend on member states meeting their financial obligations in full and on time," he emphasized.

The main source of funds for the UN budget lies in the contribution of member states. These are assessed on a scale approved by the UN General Assembly on the recommendation of the Committee on Contributions, made up of 18 experts serving in their personal capacity and selected by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Fifth Committee.

The scale is based on the capacity of countries to pay. This is determined by considering their relative shares of total gross national product in the world as a whole, adjusted to take into account a number of factors, including per capital income.

The total unpaid assessments by Dec. 31, 2013 stood at 2,715 million U.S. dollars, and by April 30, the unpaid assessments had surged to 3,079 million U.S. dollars. The arrears included assessments for the UN regular budget, its peacekeeping operations, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), as well as the Headquarters renovation project known as the Capital Master Plan (CMP), according to the UN official.

相关新闻:联合国负责管理事务的副秘书长高须幸雄6日说,联合国截至2013年底的财政状况“基本良好”,今年会员国缴纳会费的情况也明显好于去年,但部分会员国仍拖欠大量会费。

高须幸雄当天向负责行政和预算事务的联大第五委员会提交了联合国半年度财政状况报告。他在随后举行的记者会上表示,到2013年底,联合国的财政状况基本良好,但由于部分会员国没有全额缴纳会费,联合国在去年最后几个月仍需依靠现金储备来维持常规预算的运转。在联合国193个会员国中,2013年全额缴纳会费的会员国达到168个,比前一年多16个,但未及时全额缴纳的数额仍较高,而且继续集中在少数国家。

高须幸雄说,截至4月底,联合国2014年的财政状况也总体上良好,会员国已经缴纳的常规预算会费达到17亿美元,与去年同期相比显著增加,但与此同时,尚未缴纳的会费仍有13.9亿美元左右,主要集中在美国等一些国家。他还说,截至5月6日,已有26个会员国全额缴纳了今年的会费。

高须幸雄说,在维和预算方面,会员国尚未缴纳的维和预算摊款大约为15亿美元。会员国缴纳预算摊款情况最好的是用于翻修联合国总部的基本建设总计划预算,缴纳率高达99.9%。目前已有174个会员国全额缴纳了基本建设总计划预算摊款,尚未缴纳的数额仅为70万美元。

联合国预算经费主要来源于现有193个会员国所缴纳的会费。目前,整个联合国系统的预算由常规预算、维和预算、国际法庭预算和基本建设总计划预算四部分组成。

联合国常规预算每两年制定一次,由秘书长提出,用于支付维持机构正常运转所需的经常性开支。联合国常规预算的分摊比例是以各国支付能力为原则确定的,每三年调整一次。



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