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美国制造业5月加速扩张

2014-06-04    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

U.S. manufacturing growth accelerates in May

美国供应管理协会2日公布的报告显示,5月份美国制造业连续第12个月扩张,且扩张步伐加快,经济复苏显现回升势头。

报告显示,5月份美国制造业采购经理人指数从前一个月的54.9升至55.4。制造业采购经理人指数是衡量美国制造业综合发展状况的晴雨表,以50为临界点,高于50表明制造业处于扩张状态,低于50则表明制造业处于萎缩状态。

当月,美国制造业订单指数为56.9,高于前一个月的55.1;生产指数为61,高于前一个月的55.7;雇佣指数从前一个月的54.7降至52.8。

受访企业大体认为未来美国制造业将保持稳定增长,但同时对原材料价格和供给短缺表示担忧。

制造业是本轮美国经济复苏的亮点。受年初极寒天气影响,1月份美国制造业采购经理人指数曾降至2013年5月以来最低点。2月起美国制造业采购经理人指数连续回升,且升幅超过预期。

Economic activity in the U.S. manufacturing sector expanded at the fastest pace of this year in May due to strong gain in new orders and production, an industry survey showed Monday.

The manufacturing index, also known as the purchasing managers index (PMI), rose to a five-month high of 55.4 percent in May from the previous month's reading of 54.9 percent, the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) said in a report.

That indicated expansion in manufacturing for the 12th consecutive month, the report said. A reading above 50 percent indicates the sector is generally expanding, while a reading below the ratio indicates contraction.

The ISM initially said its manufacturing index registered 53.2 percent in May, a disappointing figure that was below many economists' expectations and weighed on U.S. stock markets.

Hours later, the ISM "discovered an error in its software programming" for calculating the manufacturing index and revised the figure to 55.4 percent.

"We apologize for this error. We have recalculated and confirmed that the actual index indicates that the economy is accelerating," Bradley Holcomb, chair of the ISM manufacturing business survey committee said in a statement.

Comments of the business survey "reflect generally steady growth, but note some areas of concern regarding raw materials pricing and supply tightness and shortages", the ISM said.

The new orders index registered 56.9 percent in May, an increase of 1.8 percentage points from the previous month, indicating growth in new orders for the 12th consecutive month, the report showed.

The production index rose to 61 percent in May from 55.7 percent in April, while the employment index slightly dropped to 52.8 percent from 54.7 percent.

Of the 18 manufacturing industries tracked by ISM, 17 reported growth in May and the remaining one said business was flat, the report said.

The corrected results confirmed the view that the U.S. economic growth would bounce back in the second quarter after the brutally cold weather ended.

The U.S. economy shrank at an annual rate of 1.0 percent in the first quarter on weaker-than-expected trade and private investment amid the bad weather, the Commerce Department reported last week. That's the first contraction since the first quarter of 2011.(新华网)



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