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英语新闻:巴西政府14年来首次出现初级财政赤字

2015-02-02    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

英语新闻:巴西政府14年来首次出现初级财政赤字

Brazil Sees First-Ever Primary Deficit

英语新闻:

Brazil registered a primary deficit in 2014, the first since records have been kept, the Central Bank said Friday.

Last year's deficit valued at 32.536 billion reals (12.324 billion U.S dollars) accounted for 0.63 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

According to a Central Bank report, the figure took into account fiscal deficits at all government levels, from federal to state and local, as well as in state-owned firms, with the exception of banks, oil giant Petrobras and energy company Eletrobras.

In December alone, the deficit amounted to 12.894 billion reals (around 4.884 billion dollars), up 24 percent year-on-year.

At the beginning of 2014, the government had set a primary surplus target of 1.9 percent of GDP. But in September, due to a rise in public spending in an electoral year, the government succeeded in getting the Congress to approve a law that authorized reversing that target.

Adding interest payments on the public debt to the primary deficit pushed the nominal deficit to 343 billion reals (129.434 billion dollars) in 2014, or 6.7 percent of GDP.

Brazil's new Finance Minister Joaquim Levy pledged on Friday to rein in spending and balance the budget, with an eye to achieving a primary surplus of 1.2 percent of GDP in 2015.


Levy said the government plans to spur investment and economic activity by pushing infrastructure development.

Addressing a business seminar in Sao Paulo, Brazil's largest city, Levy stressed that port building is one area that could draw foreign investment.

"We need to re-optimize the state-owned ports," he said, "the cargo transport industry has changed dramatically over the past 20 years, as have the demands of our partners. So their physical condition is something that we have to resolve as quickly as possible."

Officials are also looking to expand trade accords with other countries to boost exports and trade exchange, he said, adding that Brazil has "to think about reentering deeper into the international market."

As the government has no intention to artificially prop up the real, the private sector should not count on it to make the currency more competitive, said Levy.

相关内容:

据巴西央行最新数据显示,2014年巴西初级财政赤字达325.36亿雷亚尔(约合137.6亿美元),占巴西当年国内生产总值(GDP)的0.63%,是2001年以来首次出现赤字,使政府在去年初制定的初级财政盈余目标落空。

包括公债利息在内的总财政赤字,2014年几乎增长了两倍,达到3439亿雷亚尔(约合1285亿美元),占GDP的6.7%,是全球主要经济体中总体财赤最高的之一。

2014年巴西政府最初的财政计划是初级财政盈余达到GDP的1.9%,此后由于经济下滑、开支增加,使政府不得不抛弃了这一目标。但最终出现赤字还是出乎市场意料。

市场认为出现赤字虽然与2014年大选支出有关,但主要还是日常支出增加和税收减少所致。

巴西政府需要坚实的初级财政盈余来偿付公共债务及利息,预计今年政府总债务将达到GDP的65.2%,这预示着今年巴西政府将会加大力度减少政府开支,增加税收以减少财政赤字。

自去年12月份起,巴西政府已开始实行紧缩型财政政策,通过降低失业救济和津贴减少开支,同时提高燃油税、进口税、个人贷款税和化妆品税。

first-ever: adj.破天荒第一次(或第一个)的

deficit: n.不足额; 赤字; 亏空; 亏损

fiscal: adj.(美)财政上的,会计的; 国库的

surplus: adj.过剩的; 多余的

electoral adj.选举的,选举人的

optimize: vt.使最优化,使尽可能有效

reenter: vt.再进入; 重返; 重新加入(团体、政党等)

(新华网)



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