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英语新闻:中国制造业3月份继续收缩

2015-03-31    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

英语新闻:中国制造业3月份继续收缩

Manufacturing in China contracted to an 11-month low this month, according to a preliminary reading of an influential index tracking the sector by HSBC.
根据汇丰银行(HSBC)制造业采购经理人指数(PMI)的“预览版”读数,3月中国制造业活动已收缩至11个月内的最低点。

Manufacturing in China was worse than expected, according to a closely-watched "flash" index by HSBC and Markit. The preliminary reading for March was 49.2, against of a reading of 50.7 in February and versus expectations of 50.5. Any score less than 50 indicates contraction.
这一受到密切关注的指数由汇丰和Markit共同编制,最新“预览版”读数显示中国制造业状况比预期更糟。本月这一读数为49.2,不仅低于2月份的50.7,也低于50.5的预期数值。该读数低于50表示相关产业处于收缩中。

The sector has last contracted in January, with a reading of 49.7, according to the index.
根据这一指数,中国制造业上次出现收缩是在今年1月,当时读数为49.7。

But taken as an indicator about the Chinese economy as a whole the monthly survey should be treated with a degree of caution. The HSBC index is heavily skewed towards small, private companies and tends to be more volatile than China's official PMI, which focuses more on state-backed companies. However the last reading for the official PMI, which came in at 49.9 in February, also pointed to a worsening economy.
不过,要用该读数衡量中国经济总体状况还需谨慎。汇丰银行的PMI指数更为偏向小型民营企业,波动性往往大于更关注国有企业的中国官方PMI指数。不过,中国官方上次公布的2月份PMI指数也只有49.9,同样显示中国经济在恶化。

Annabel Fiddes, economist at Markit said:“The HSBC Flash China Manufacturing PMI signalled a slight deterioration in the health of China's manufacturing sector in March. A renewed fall in total new business contributed to a weaker expansion of output, while companies continued to trim their workforce numbers.
Markit经济学家安娜贝尔•菲德斯(Annabel Fiddes)表示:“汇丰银行预览版中国制造业PMI指数表明,3月份中国制造业的情况略有恶化。新增业务总量再次下滑,令产出增长势头继续减弱。同时,企业也在继续削减员工人数。



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