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石油行业将快速没落是错觉

2017-07-13    来源:FT中文网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

石油行业将快速没落是错觉

油价下跌让全行业苦不堪言,但由此认定石油业衰落并不妥当。相反,低油价刺激了石油消费增长,使石油具备更强的竞争优势。在刚刚举行的世界石油大会上,来自全球石油部门的代表星期一集中讨论了未来几人类将面临的能源问题。

ISTANBUL, July 10 (Xinhua) -- Representatives from the global petroleum sector on Monday focused on the future of energy in the face of a growing population on the planet in the decades to come.
伊斯坦布尔,7月10日(新华社)--来自全球石油部门的代表星期一集中讨论了未来几十年地球上日益增长的人口面临的能源问题。

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"Today we have around 7.5 billion people on the planet and by 2100 we can expect about 11.2 billion," Ben van Beurden, CEO of the Royal Dutch Shell, told the 22nd World Petroleum Congress that kicked off on Sunday evening in Istanbul.
“今天,我们有大约75亿人在这个星球上,2100我们可以预计约112亿,“Ben van Beurden,荷兰皇家壳牌首席执行官,星期日晚上在伊斯坦布尔的第二十二届世界石油大会开幕上说。

Recent projections suggest that the population in Asia alone would increase by 750 million by the middle of the century, with its energy demand increasing by around half, noted Van Beurden.
最近的预测表明,到本世纪中叶亚洲人口会增加7亿5000万,能源需求增加一半左右,Van Beurden说。

"But more than anything, this is a story about Africa," he stressed. "We can expect 3.6 billion extra people to be living on this planet by the end of the century and 3.2 billion of them will be in Africa, with the vast majority in sub-Saharan Africa."
“但更重要的是,这是一个关于非洲的故事,”他强调道。到本世纪末,预计将新增36亿多人,其中32亿在非洲,其中数撒哈拉以南非洲地区最多。
 
In his view, there is often too much focus on energy-transition policies in Europe and North America instead of the fast-growing developing countries.
他认为,我们过于关注欧洲和美国北部的能源改革政策,而没有足够重视快速增长的发展中国家。

"What happens in England is important, but what happens in Ethiopia is at least as important," the chief executive said, adding that "From Denmark to the Democratic Republic of Congo, from the U.S. to Uganda, to India, to China there is a lot of work to do."
“在英国发生的事情是重要的,但在埃塞俄比亚发生的事情至少是同样重要的,”首席执行官说,并补充说:“从丹麦到刚果民主共和国,从美国到乌干达,到印度,到中国有很多工作要做。”

According to Amin Nasser, president and CEO of Saudi Aramco, unconventional shale oil and alternative energy resources are important factors to help meet future demand.
沙特阿美公司总裁兼首席执行官Amin Nasser认为,非常规页岩油和替代性能源对于满足未来的需求有着重要作用。

"But it is premature to assume that they can be developed quickly to replace oil and gas," he added.
他补充说:“但以为它们能迅速发展以取代石油和天然气是不成熟的”。

Saudi Aramco plans to invest more than 300 U.S. billion dollars in the next decade to pursue a large exploration to maintain its oil capacity, while the Dutch Shell is set to spend one billion dollars a year on its New Energies division as of 2020.
沙特阿美公司计划投资在接下来的十年里超过300亿美元继续勘探以保证石油储量,而壳牌将每年在新能源部门花费十亿美元直到2020年。

Wang Yilin, chairman of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), said his company would focus on improving business layout and structures, innovation of technologies, business and management models, green development and win-win cooperation in the foreseeable future.
中国石油天然气总公司(CNPC)董事长王一林说,他的公司将重点完善业务布局和结构,以及技术创新、业务创新和管理模式创新,实现绿色发展,在可预见的未来合作共赢。

The World Petroleum Congress is organized every three years by the London-based World Petroleum Council and includes 65 member countries from around the world, representing over 96 percent of the global oil and gas production and consumption.

The World Petroleum Congress is organized every three years by the London-based World Petroleum Council and includes 65 member countries from around the world, representing over 96 percent of the global oil and gas production and consumption.
世界石油大会由设在伦敦的世界石油理事会每三年举办一次,包括来自世界各地的65个成员国,占全球石油和天然气产量和消费量的96%以上。


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