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中国今年铁矿石进口量有望创纪录

2017-07-14    来源:FT    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

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July 14, 2017

China on course to buy more than 1bn tonnes of iron ore in 2017

中国今年铁矿石进口量有望创纪录


今年头六个月中国铁矿石进口量同比增长逾9%。如果下半年保持这种购买水平,全年铁矿石进口量将超过去年创下的纪录。

China is on course to import a record amount of iron ore as its mills turn to the seaborne market to secure supplies of the steel-making ingredient.

中国今年铁矿石进口量将创下纪录,因为国内钢厂转向海运铁矿石市场以获取这种炼钢原料的供应。
 

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Deliveries to China hit 94.7m tonnes in June, up from 91.5m tonnes in May, according to customs data released on Thursday.

根据周四发布的海关数据,6月运抵中国的铁矿石达到9470万吨,高于5月的9150万吨。

The figures also showed imports for the first six months of the year had risen more than 9 per cent to 539m tonnes. If that level of buying is sustained in the second half of the year then China’s imports of iron ore will exceed last year’s record of 1.024bn tonnes.

这批数字显示,今年头六个月的进口量同比增长逾9%,至5.39亿吨。如果中国在下半年保持这种购买水平,全年铁矿石进口量将超过去年创下的10.24亿吨的纪录。

China’s steel mills have cranked up production this year to cash in on an unexpected rise in prices.

中国钢厂今年增加了产量,以充分利用意外的价格上涨。

Rebar – the most traded steel construction contract – has risen 37 per cent this year and Thursday hit its highest level in three-and-a-half years. Demand has been propped up by infrastructure spending and Beijing’s determination to rein in excess capacity in its vast steel industry.

螺纹钢——交易量最大的建筑钢材合约——今年以来涨价37%,周四升至三年半以来最高水平。提振需求的因素包括基础设施支出和北京方面抑制国内庞大钢铁行业过剩产能的决心。

Analysts said domestic iron ore was falling out of favour in key steel-producing regions in China because of efforts by the government to clamp down on pollution caused by sintering plants. In these plants, coarse, lower grade iron ore is combined with other materials at high temperatures to make a product that can be fed directly into blast furnaces. However, the process is major source of pollution and sulphur dioxide.

分析师们表示,随着政府整治烧结厂造成的污染,国产铁矿石在中国的钢铁生产腹地变得不受欢迎。在这些烧结厂,粗糙、较低品级的铁矿石与其他材料在高温下结合,制成可直接送入高炉的产品。然而,这种工艺是污染和二氧化硫的主要来源。
 


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