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世界大学学术排名500强公布

2014-08-15    来源:世界大学学术排名    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

上海交通大学世界一流大学研究中心今日正式发布了2014年“世界大学学术排名”,排名列出了全球领先的500所研究型大学,中国内地共有32所大学上榜,相比去年增加了4所,其中清华大学、北京大学等6所学校进入世界前200名。

2014年“世界大学学术排名”结果显示:美英大学的优势仍然非常明显,哈佛大学连续十二年蝉联全球第一,斯坦福大学、麻省理工学院、加州大学伯克利、剑桥大学、普林斯顿大学、加州理工学院、哥伦比亚大学、芝加哥大学和牛津大学分别位列第二至第十名。欧洲大陆排名最高的是瑞士苏黎世联邦理工学院,排在世界第十九位,紧随其后的是排在第三十五位的巴黎六大。亚洲大学中表现最好的是日本的东京大学和京都大学,名次分别为第二十一名和第二十六名。澳洲大学中排名最高的是墨尔本大学,位列全球第四十四位。

今年我国内地位列世界500强的大学共有32所,相比2013年增加了4所。清华大学、北京大学、上海交通大学、浙江大学、复旦大学和中国科学技术大学6所学校进入世界前200名,其中清华大学、北京大学、上海交通大学还首次跻身世界前150名。

The 2014 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) is released today by the Center for World-Class Universities at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Starting from 2003, ARWU has been presenting the world Top 500 universities annually based on transparent methodology and reliable data. It has been recognized as the precursor of global university rankings and the most trustworthy one.

Harvard University remains the number one in the world for the 12th year, other Top 10 universities are: Stanford, MIT, Berkeley, Cambridge, Princeton, Caltech, Columbia, Chicago and Oxford. ETH Zurich (19th) takes first place in Continental Europe, followed by Pierre & Marie Curie (35th), University of Copenhagen (39th) overtakes Paris-Sud (42nd) in France as the third best university in Continental Europe. University of Tokyo (21st) and Kyoto University (26th) top other universities in Asia. University of Melbourne (44th) becomes the highest ranked university in this region in the history of ARWU.

EPFL’s first appearance in Top 100 (96th) increases the number of Top 100 universities in Switzerland to 5, which is the 3rd highest number across all countries. UC Santa Cruz (93rd), KU Leuven (96th), Georgia Tech (99th) and VU University Amsterdam (100th) enter the Top 100 list for the first time. There are totally 25 universities breaking into the Top 500 list in 2014, among which Deakin University in Australia and other nine universities make their first appearance.


Top Ten

The complete lists and detailed methodologies can be found at the Academic Ranking of World Universities website at http://www.ShanghaiRanking.com/.

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU): Starting from 2003, ARWU has been presenting the world Top 500 universities annually based on a set of objective indicators and third-party data. ARWU has been recognized as the precursor of global university rankings and the most trustworthy league table. ARWU adopts six objective indicators to rank world universities, including the number of alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, the number of Highly Cited Researchers, the number of articles published in journals of Nature and Science, the number of articles indexed in Science Citation Index - Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index, and per capita performance. More than 1200 universities are actually ranked by ARWU every year and the best 500 universities are published.

Center for World-Class Universities at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (CWCU): CWCU is dedicated to the theoretical and policy study of World-Class Universities with a more than 25-year history. CWCU initiated the "International Conference on World-Class Universities" in 2005 and has organized this biennial event since then. CWCU endeavors to build databases of major research universities in the world and a clearinghouse of literature on World-Class Universities, and provides consultations for governments and universities.


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