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中石油入股澳洲液化天然气项目

2012-12-13    来源:FT    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

PetroChina buys stake in Browse gas project 

State-owned oil producer PetroChina has agreed to pay $1.6bn for a 10 per cent stake in an offshore Australian natural gas project, underscoring China’s growing appetite for investment in gas developments around the world.

中国国有石油公司中石油(PetroChina)已达成协议,将以16亿美元价格收购澳大利亚一个离岸天然气项目的10%股份,这突出表明,中国对投资世界各地天然气开发项目的胃口越来越大。

BHP Billiton, the Anglo-Australian miner, yesterday said it would sell its holdings in the Browse liquid natural gas project in Western Australia to Hong Kong-listed PetroChina, one of the world’s biggest oil and gas producers. 

英澳矿商必和必拓(BHP Billiton)昨天表示,将向在香港上市的中石油出售其在西澳大利亚Browse液化天然气项目的股份。中石油是世界上最大的石油天然气公司之一。

BHP’s decision to sell its 8 per cent stake in the East Browse project and its 20 per cent share of the smaller West Browse site – equivalent to a tenth of the overall Browse development – comes a week after Chevron announced a $15bn cost over-run at its Gorgon gas facility. The Australian LNG industry has been dogged by high labour costs, the strong Australian dollar and infrastructure bottlenecks. 

必和必拓决定出售其在东Browse项目的8%股份,以及在更小的西Browse项目的20%股份,这总计相当于整个Browse开发项目十分之一的份额。这一决定公布一周前,雪佛龙(Chevron)刚刚宣布其Gorgon天然气设施超支150亿美元。澳大利亚液化天然气产业目前正深受劳动力成本高企、澳元坚挺以及基础设施瓶颈等问题的困扰。 

BHP, which is in the midst of a cost-cutting drive, said the decision to quit Browse was in line with its strategy of investing only in top-tier projects that it either controls or has a significant shareholding in. 

正在实施一项成本削减举措的必和必拓表示,退出Browse项目的决定,与该公司只投资于自己控股或持有较多股份的一流项目的战略是吻合的。

It has disposed of several non-core assets over the past six months, including the Ekati Diamond Mine in Canada.

在过去6个月中,该公司已处置了几处非核心资产,其中包括位于加拿大的Ekati钻石矿。 

However, there has been speculation BHP was not happy with the proposed location for the Browse project’s gas processing plant, which has drawn strong opposition from environmental campaigners. 

然而,有人推测必和必拓对Browse项目天然气处理厂的选址不满意,该选址方案遭到了环保主义者的强烈反对。

“Browse LNG is the largest stranded gas project remaining in Australia and has been two decades in the waiting since discovery,” said Bernstein Research. With the involvement of PetroChina together with investment from a Japanese consortium, “we see development as now likely”. 

伯恩斯坦研究公司(Bernstein Research)表示:“Browse液化天然气项目是澳大利亚依然闲置的最大天然气项目,该项目自发现以来已被闲置了20年。”中石油的参与以及一个日本财团的投资,令“我们感到该项目的开发如今已成为可能”。 

Although the Browse project is still at least five years from production, PetroChina’s participation highlights the reshaping of global gas markets by strong demand from Asia, particularly China and Japan. 

尽管Browse项目进入生产阶段至少还要5年,但中石油对该项目的参与突显出亚洲(特别是中国和日本)的强劲需求正重塑全球天然气市场。 

Earlier this year, Woodside Petroleum, the Australian energy company that is the operator of and the biggest shareholder in the Browse project, sold a 15 per cent stake in Browse to a Japanese consortium including Mitsui and Mitsubishi for $2bn. The Japanese consortium also signed a long-term agreement to buy LNG from Browse. 

今年早些时候,Browse项目运营方及最大股东、澳大利亚能源公司伍德赛德石油公司(Woodside Petroleum)以20亿美元的价格将Browse项目的15%股份出售给一个日本财团,该财团成员包括三井(Mitsui)和三菱(Mitsubishi)。该日本财团还签订了一份从Browse购买液化天然气的长期协议。 

Demand for gas in Japan has soared as the country has backed away from nuclear power . 

由于日本决定远离核电,该国对天然气的需求出现激增。 

Gas demand in China, the world’s biggest energy consumer, is growing at an average of 20 per cent per year.

而在世界最大的能源消耗国中国,天然气需求正以年均20%的速度增长 



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