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Facebook用户可选择男女以外48种性别

2014-02-14    来源:dailymail    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

概要:据英国《每日邮报》报道,社交网站Facebook已经完成性别选项更新。从今以后,美国Facebook用户除男女以外,还可以选择“本性别”“变性别”“双性别”等其他48种选项。

Facebook表示,此次更新暂时只针对美国地区,主要目的是向用户提供更多选择,方便他们更贴切地描述自己目前的情况。Facebook目前在全世界有12.3亿月活跃用户,它也允许用户将性别状态设为保密。

负责此次更新的软件工程师布丽尔•哈里森说:“对很多人来说,这次更新好像毫无意义,但是对于那些会受到影响的人来说,这次更新意味着天翻地覆的改变。”哈里森本人也是此次更新的受益者,她正在接受从男性变为女性的系列手术。“这是我第一次在网站上向朋友说明自己的确切性别状态,”她说。

据加州大学洛杉矶分校一所智库的预测数据显示,美国至少有70万人声称自己是变性人。美国最大的非异性恋维权机构“人权战线”在去年的调查中发现,10%的同性恋、双性恋和变性人会在填写性别时选择“其他”。

Male, female or 48 other varieties? Now Facebook offers users FIFTY different genders to choose from

New options include 'cisgender,' 'transgender' and 'intersex'

Site has also updated its setting to allow users to select a neutral pronoun referring to them as they, their or them

Facebook came up with its range of terms after consulting with leading gay and transgender activists

Facebook has completely revamped its gender settings to allow for options other than just male or female.

The feature is designed to help transgender users of the site, and now has 50 options, including  'cisgender,' 'transgender' and 'intersex'.

The site has also updated its setting to allow users to select a neutral pronoun referring to them as they, their or them.

Facebook said the changes, shared with The Associated Press before the launch on Thursday, initially cover the company's 159 million monthly users in the U.S.

They are aimed at giving people more choices in how they describe themselves, such as androgynous, bi-gender, intersex, gender fluid or transsexual.

'There's going to be a lot of people for whom this is going to mean nothing, but for the few it does impact, it means the world,' said Facebook software engineer Brielle Harrison.

Harrison worked on the project and is herself undergoing gender transformation, from male to female.

On Thursday, while watchdogging the software for any problems, she said she was also changing her Facebook identity from Female to TransWoman.
'All too often transgender people like myself and other gender nonconforming people are given this binary option, do you want to be male or female? What is your gender?

'And it's kind of disheartening because none of those let us tell others who we really are,' she said.

'This really changes that, and for the first time I get to go to the site and specify to all the people I know what my gender is.'

Facebook, which has 1.23 billion active monthly users around the world, also allows them to keep their gender identity private and will continue to do so.

The Williams Institute, a think tank based at the University of California, Los Angeles, estimate that there are at least 700,000 individuals in the U.S. who identify as transgender, an umbrella term that includes people who live as a gender different from the one assigned to them at birth.

The move by Facebook represents a basic and a yet significant form of recognition of the nation's growing transgender rights movement, which has been spurred by veteran activists and young people who identify as transgender at younger and younger ages.

The Human Rights Campaign last year found that 10 percent of the 10,000 lesbian, gay, bisexual transgender youths it surveyed used 'other' or wrote in their own gender terms.

'Over the past few years, a person's Facebook profile truly has become their online identity, and now Facebook has taken a milestone step to allow countless people to more honestly and accurately represent themselves,' HRC President Chad Griffin said.

'Facebook's action is one that I hope others heed in supporting individuals' multifaceted identities.'

The change to the gender selection option is seen as a major step toward acceptance for people who don't self-identify as male or female, but the high-profile development seemed senseless to those who believe in two genders, no more.

'Of course Facebook is entitled to manage its wildly popular site as it sees fit, but here is the bottom line: It's impossible to deny the biological reality that humanity is divided into two halves - male and female,' said Jeff Johnston, an issues analyst for Focus on the Family, an influential national religious organization based in Denver.

'Those petitioning for the change insist that there are an infinite number of genders, but just saying it doesn't make it so.

'That said, we have a great deal of compassion for those who reject their biological sex and believe they are the opposite sex.'

Masen Davis, executive director of the San Francisco-based Transgender Law Center, said it may be hard for some people to understand the importance of having the ability to select from multiple genders online. But he said many transgender people will be thrilled with the change.



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