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斯诺登呼吁美国公众加强对监控项目监督

2014-03-13    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Snowden calls for public oversight of U.S. surveillance practices

Speaking via teleconference, former U.S. National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden on Monday called for more public oversight of the U.S. secret surveillance practices and better online security measures to protect the public.

Snowden, who is currently living in Russia under temporary asylum, spoke to an audience of thousands at the South By Southwest Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas. This is his first public appearance to American audience since last summer.

Snowden said the NSA surveillance programs are "setting fire to the future of the Internet."

"I took an oath to support and defend the (U.S.) Constitution and I saw that the Constitution was being violated on a massive scale," he said, appearing on video screens with an image of the U. S. Constitution as a backdrop.

"We need public advocates. We need public oversight," said Snowden. He accused U.S. lawmakers of "cheerleading the NSA instead of holding them to account."

"There's a political response that needs to occur, but there's also a tech response that needs to occur," said Snowden. He urged the tech companies to further tighten safeguards and called on people like the attendees at the annual festival to step up to help protect the public's privacy.

"You guys are all the firefighters and we need you to help us fix this," he told the audience.

Snowden's disclosures of the NSA surveillance programs since last summer have stirred up controversy and criticism home and abroad and a foreign relations crisis with its allies for the Obama administration. The former NSA contractor is facing espionage charge for his disclosures.

Obama offered a series of proposals to change the NSA's controversial surveillance practices earlier in January. Highlights of his proposals include pulling back part of the NSA's bulk collection of U.S. citizens' phone records.

Obama directed the Justice Department and the intelligence community to develop options for a new approach of the domestic phone collection without the government holding the metadata. They are expected to report back to Obama before March 28.

相关新闻:“棱镜门”事件揭秘者、美国防务承包商前雇员爱德华·斯诺登10日通过网络视频连线与美国公众“面对面”,呼吁公众加强对情报监控项目的监督,敦促高科技企业和业内人士加强网络防护措施、保护公民隐私。

正在俄罗斯临时避难的斯诺登美东部时间当天中午“现身”得克萨斯州奥斯汀举行的“西南偏南”交互式多媒体大会,回答了观众和网友提问。

斯诺登批评说,美国国家安全局的秘密情报监控项目违反美国宪法,而美国国会两院议员非但没有对此问责,反而充当了国家安全局的“拉拉队长”。他呼吁公众加强对秘密情报监控项目的监督,也加强对美国国会职能的监督。

斯诺登还说,美国国家安全局的秘密监控项目俨然“是在对互联网的未来放火”,在政界理应作出反应的同时,高科技产业也应作出回应。他呼吁高科技企业能进一步加强网络防护措施和对公众隐私的保护,呼吁业内人士扮演好“消防员”来解决隐私防护的漏洞。

《纽约时报》等媒体曾发表社论呼吁宽免斯诺登,因其揭发信息很重要,可将其视为检举人,争取与他达成诉辩交易。但奥巴马政府迄今并不把斯诺登视为检举人,斯诺登在美国也面临间谍罪等指控。

自2013年6月以来,斯诺登陆续披露美国国安局秘密网络和电话监控项目,在美国国内和国际社会引发轩然大波。今年1月17日,美国总统奥巴马宣布,拟对广受争议的情报监控项目进行一定程度调整,但他坚称不会从根本上改变美国情报监控现状。美国司法部和情报机构目前正在酝酿改革方案。(新华网)



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