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英国长期及青年就业率仍不乐观

2014-03-21    来源:镜报    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

概要:英国《镜报》3月19日报道,根据英政府发布的最新数据显示,英国社会的失业率在经历居高不下之后,终于呈现出回落态势,但长期及青年就业率仍不乐观。

英国政府发布的官方数据表明,截至今年1月,英国全国的失业总数为233万,较去年同期下降了63000人,失业率降低了7.2%。

与此同时,就业人数超过了3000万,较去年同期增加近46万人,这一数字也成为了自1971年以来的历史最高水平。

数据显示,失业一年以上的人数下降了38000人,达到82万8000人。但16岁到24岁的年轻人中,仍有91万2000人待业在家。

英国商会首席经济学家大卫•柯恩表示,“虽然青年失业率目前呈现出下降趋势,但整体形势仍令人担忧,因为青年失业的比率仍达到总体失业率的三倍之多。”

Unemployment down but long-term and young jobless figures remain sky-high

Gloating government ministers claimed the official statistics - showing a 63,000 drop in the jobless total - was proof that austerity measures are working.

New figures showed a record number of people in work, but the Tory-led Coalition was accused of creating a low-earning and insecure employment economy today.

Gloating government ministers claimed the official statistics - showing a 63,000 drop in the jobless total - was proof that the austerity measures were working.

But Labour pointed out that 912,000 young people were jobless and long-term youth unemployment had doubled under prime minister David Cameron.

Rachel Reeves, Labour’s shadow work and pensions secretary, said: "It’s clear tens of thousands of young people are not feeling any recovery at all. There has also been a worrying rise in the number of people unemployed for over two years.

“Today’s figures also show that working people facing a cost-of-living crisis and that prices are still rising faster than wages under David Cameron.”

And Len McCluskey, leader of Britain’s biggest union Unite, said: “While the drop in unemployment by 63,000 is to be welcomed, this can’t disguise the thrust of government policy which is towards a low waged economy where insecure employment is rampant.

We can’t tolerate an economic landscape that offers precious little hope of real jobs for our young people.”

The Office for National Statistics revealed that more than 30m people are now in jobs, up by 459,000 on a year ago, the highest figure since records began in 1971.

The jobless total fell by 63,000 in the quarter to January to 2.33m, a rate of 7.2%. Most of the fall was among men.

And the number of people claiming jobseeker’s allowance in February fell by 34,600 to 1.17m, the 16th consecutive monthly reduction, while vacancies jumped by 23,000 to 588,000, the most since 2008.

There was also a drop in the number of people working part-time because they could not find full-time work - down by 32,000 in the latest quarter to 1.4m, although still 41,000 higher than a year ago.

Youth and long-term unemployment both fell, with those out of work for over a year down by 38,000 to 828,000, while 912,000 people aged between 16 and 24 were jobless, down by 29,000.

As the figures came out David Cameron tweeted: “Another significant fall in unemployment is a sign our long-term economic plan is working, providing security & chances for hard-working people.”

The number of people classed as economically inactive, including long-term sick, those looking after a relative or who have given up looking for work, fell by 19,000 to 8.9m, including the lowest number of women on record (5.6m).

Public sector employment has fallen by 159,000 to 5.5m, the lowest since December 1999, although most of the reduction was explained by Royal Mail workers moving to the private sector because of the postal group’s privatisation.

Frances O’Grady, TUC general secretary, said: “The economy is generating jobs but too many are insecure and poorly paid.

“The fall in the number of employees is especially worrying for women as recent figures showed a 42% gender pay gap among self-employed workers, with most women earning less than £10,000.

“So far economic growth has failed to improve job security or generate decent pay rises. This must change if the benefits of recovery are to be felt by hard-working people.”

David Kern, chief economist at the British Chambers of Commerce, said that while youth unemployment had gone down, the rate was “still nearly three times the rate of unemployment as a whole”.



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