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脑后挨闷棍:辍学生变数学天才

2014-04-22    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

美国中年男子贾森·帕吉特12年前遇袭,脑后挨了一闷棍,醒来后突然展现数学天才。他把这段奇特经历写成回忆录,于22日出版。

帕吉特现年43岁,家住华盛顿州塔科马。美国《纽约邮报》20日援引帕吉特的话报道,12年前,他就是一个普通人,对数学等学科毫无兴趣。

转折点出现在2002年9月13日夜间。当时,他走出一家酒吧。两名男子从他背后偷袭,他头部挨了一闷棍,神志不清,交出夹克后才得以脱身。

第二天醒来,帕吉特走进浴室,觉得眼前的世界完全变了样,“水流变成一条条垂直的线”。

随后,帕吉特开始痴迷于家中所有的线条。并且他不再上班,投入全部时间和精力研究数学和物理,专注于分形几何学。

之后有一天,帕吉特看到一部讲述自闭症天才的纪录片,觉得与自己相似。他向有关专家求助,确诊自己患上了“后天性学者症候群”。这类患者通常因头部受创,突然出现超凡的数学、音乐或艺术才能。全世界大约有40名后天性学者症候群患者。

功能性磁共振成像技术扫描结果显示,帕吉特的左脑非常活跃,尤其是左侧顶叶,这一部位主要负责进行逻辑思维、理性思维和线性思维。那一闷棍似乎改变了帕吉特的脑部结构,使他变成数学天才。

Twelve years ago, Jason Padgett was a college drop-out working at his dad's furniture store when a mugging at a Tacoma, Washington karaoke bar changed his life forever.

Back then, the 31-year-old sported a mullet, drove a red Camaro and was the 'life of the party'.

But after suffering a profound brain injury, Padgett started to see the world in a whole new light - literally - and became obsessed with math and physics.

He has since been diagnosed as one of only 40 with acquired savant syndrome, in which once-normal people become skilled in math, art or music after a brain injury.

Padgett writes about the life-altering experience in his new memoir out Tuesday, 'Struck by Genius: How a Brain Injury Made Me a Mathematical Marvel'.

It all started the night of September 13, 2002 when Padgett went out to a karaoke bar near his home and was mugged.

Two men attacked him from behind and punched him in the back of the head, knocking him unconscious.

At the hospital, he was treated for a bruised kidney but released the same night.

The next morning, Padgett woke up and found that his vision had changed to include details he never noticed before.

He started the tap in his bathroom and noticed 'lines emanating  out perpendicularly from the flow.'

'At first, I was startled and worried for myself, but it was so beautiful that I just stood in my slippers and stared,' Padgett told the New York Post.

Padgett stopped going to work and spent all of his time studying math and physics, focusing on fractals, which are repeated geometric patterns.

Even though he showed no talent for art before, he started drawing fractals in extreme detail - sometimes taking weeks to finish the work.

But there was also a downside to his new talents. While he was once outgoing, Padgett turned introverted and started to spend all of his time at home, covering up his windows with blankets and refusing visitors.

He became obsessed with germs and would wash his hands until they were red, and wouldn't even hug his own daughter until she washed her hands as well.

Padgett thought he was going crazy, but hope came after watching a BBC documentary on Daniel Tammet, an autistic savant.

'That’s it! That’s what’s going on with me. Oh, my God! Someone else can see what I see!' Padgett remembers thinking.

After watching the film he decided to reach out to Dr Darold Treffert, the leading expert on savantism, who diagnosed him with 'acquired savant syndrome'.

There are currently just 40 people in the world who have been diagnosed with the syndrome, becoming seemingly smarter after a brain injury.

Padgett began to understand his situation more when he traveled to Finland to be studied by Dr Berit Brogaard.

Dr Brogaard used fMRI machines to survey Padgett's brain and found that the left side was more activated, especially in the left parietal love where 'math lives'.

It seems that after the injury, neurotransmitters flooded the left side of Padgett's brain and ultimately changed the structure making him hyper-specialized.

After his diagnosis, Padgett decided to apply his new-found mental capacity by enrolling in community college.

Now 43, Padgett believes he is an example that everyone has untapped genius potential..

'I believe I am living proof that these powers lie dormant in all of us,' Padgett writes in his memoir.

'If it could happen to me, it could happen to anyone.'

百度科普:

Savant-Syndrome:学者综合症是指有认知障碍,但在某一方面,如对某种艺术或学术,却有超乎常人的能力的人。

自闭患者中有 10%是学者综合症(故称自闭学者,Autistic savant),大脑损伤患者中则约1/2000的机率。(50% 自闭症患者, 50%大脑损伤患者)。他们的IQ大部分低于70,但在一些特殊测试中却远胜于常人,故俗称为白痴天才(Idiot Savant)。他们的天赋有多种不同的形式,有演奏乐器、绘画、记忆、计算及日历运算能力。美国电影《雨人》中的“雨人”就是一个典型的学者综合症,他 对数字的计算能力和记忆力非常惊人。除此之外还有:音乐指挥天才——周周;语言天才 ——克里斯·泰勒等。



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