全球今年5月历史同期最热

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2014-6-25 09:40

May global temperature reaches record high: NOAA

美国国家海洋和大气管理局23日说,今年5月的全球平均气温创下自1880年有气温记录以来的最高纪录。

美国国家海洋和大气管理局发布的报告显示,今年5月,全球陆地和海洋表面综合平均气温达15.54摄氏度,比20世纪同期的平均值高出0.74摄氏度。而上一个最热5月是在2010年,比20世纪同期平均值高0.72摄氏度。

报告说,今年5月,全球绝大多数地区的气温都高于同期平均值,其中哈萨克斯坦东部、印度尼西亚部分地区、澳大利亚中部及西北部地区的气温都创同期最高纪录。

报告指出,在有气温记录以来全球最热的5个5月份中,有4个出现在最近5年,除今年5月外,其余最热5月分别出现在2010年(排名第二)、2012年(第三)、1998年(第四)和2013年(第五)。

Last month was the hottest May since record keeping began in 1880, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said Monday.

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces was 15.54 degrees Celsius 0.74 degrees Celsius higher than the 20th century average, the NOAA said.

"This surpassed the previous record high anomaly of 0.72 degrees Celsius set in 2010," the NOAA said in its monthly state of the climate report.

"Four of the five warmest Mays on record have occurred in the past five years: 2010 (second warmest), 2012 (third warmest), 2013 (fifth warmest), and 2014 (warmest)."

Currently, 1998 has the fourth warmest May on record.

According to the NOAA, the majority of the world experienced warmer-than-average temperatures in May, with record warmth across eastern Kazakhstan, parts of Indonesia, and central and northwestern Australia.

Scattered sections across every major ocean basin were also record warm, it said.

Additionally, May 2014 marked the 39th consecutive May and 351st consecutive month with a global temperature above the 20th century average.

The last below-average global temperature for May occurred in 1976 and the last below-average temperature for any month occurred in February 1985, the NOAA said.(新华网)