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MH17黑夹子找到 乌克兰交战双方否认与其有关

2014-07-18    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Malaysian plane crash shrouded in mystery, accusations

马来西亚航空公司一架客机17日在乌克兰东部坠毁,乌政府和东部地区民间武装均否认坠机事件与其有关。此外,乌东部民间武装表示已在事故现场找到失事客机黑匣子,并将送往俄罗斯处理。

The crash of a Malaysian passenger plane in Ukraine on Thursday was shrouded in mystery of a deliberate attack, with Kiev trading accusations of blame with separatists and Moscow.U.S. media reported that the Boeing 777 jet of the Malaysia Airlines, with 295 people onboard, was shot down by a missile when flying over eastern Ukraine en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.

A radar system saw a surface-to-air missile system turn on and track an aircraft right before Malaysian airliner MH17 was shot down, CNN reported, citing an unnamed official.

A second system saw a heat signature at the time the airliner was hit, the official added.

The United States is analyzing the trajectory of the missile to try to learn where the attack came from and has not determined who was responsible, according to the report.

The Washington Post quoted a U.S. official as saying that American intelligence agencies had confirmed that the plane was shot down by a surface-to-air missile.

The official, who was not authorized to speak on the record about an early intelligence assessment, told the newspaper that government analysts were scrambling to determine who fired the missile.

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden said on Thursday it appeared that the crash near the Ukraine-Russia border was not an accident and that the passenger jet apparently was "blown out of the sky."

"This is truly a grave situation," Biden said.

A Ukrainian official accused pro-Moscow rebels, aided by Russian military intelligence officers, of shooting down the plane with a long-range, Soviet-era SA-11 ground-to-air missile.

"Terrorists" used a ground-to-air missile to bring down the Boeing 777 passenger plane, the official said.

Meanwhile, a rebel leader said Ukrainian forces shot the airliner down.

"The plane was shot down by the Ukrainian side. We simply do not have such air defense systems. Our MANPADs have a firing range of only 3,000 to 4,000 meters, while passenger jets fly at a much higher altitude," Interfax quoted him as saying.

Russian President Vladimir Putin also laid the blame on the Ukrainian government.

"There is no doubt that the country on whose territory this terrible tragedy happened bears responsibility," Putin was quoted by Ria Novosti news agency as saying.

"This tragedy would not have happened if there was peace in the country, if military operations had not resumed in the south-east of Ukraine," he added.

The claim was rejected by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.

Poroshenko said the country's armed forces did not fire at any flying object in the region where the plane went down.


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Thursday expressed deep condolences over the crash and called for a "full and transparent international investigation" into it.

"There is clearly a need for a full and transparent international investigation," he said. "For the moment, I offer my deep condolences to the families and loved ones of the victims and people of Malaysia."

The UN Security Council will hold an emergency meeting Friday to discuss the incident, officials said.

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据乌总统府消息,乌克兰总统波罗申科当天表示,乌武装力量与马航客机坠毁事件没有关联,他已责成政府成立空难事故调查委员会,并呼吁国际相关机构和组织参与调查这起事件。波罗申科强调,乌克兰空军近几天来连续有安-26运输机和苏-25战斗机遭击落,因此不排除这架客机也被击落。

乌克兰总统新闻秘书采戈尔科当天在其社交网站“推特”上写道,波罗申科认为马航波音-777客机失事“不是事故,而是恐怖事件”。

顿涅茨克民间武装方面当天也否认与马航客机坠毁事件有关联。国际文传电讯社当天援引“顿涅茨克人民共和国”安全委员会成员卡夫塔拉泽的话报道,马航客机应是遭乌克兰政府军方面击落,民间武装的便携式防空导弹仅能打到3000米至4000米高空,远低于客机当时的飞行高度。

国际文传电讯社报道说,顿涅茨克当地民间武装已在事故现场找到失事客机黑匣子,“顿涅茨克人民共和国”副总理普尔金表示,他们将把黑匣子送往莫斯科处理。

俄罗斯国家电视台24小时新闻电视频道画面显示,坠机现场冒起浓烟,地面被烧黑,客机残片和乘客行李遍地,旅客肢体散落在田野里,现场情况惨不忍睹。当地的民间武装人员表示,客机残骸击中当地民房,造成人员受伤。此外,在顿涅茨克郊外也找到飞机残骸。

目前,乌克兰政府军正与民间武装在东部地区激战,马航客机坠毁地点为民间武装控制地区。据国际文传电讯社报道,乌克兰军方16日刚刚在顿涅茨克地区部署“布克”防空导弹,据消息人士透露,能击落万米高空目标的武器系统只有“布克”和S-300防空导弹系统,而民间武装方面没有这种武器。

莫斯科空军和防空部队前司令尤里·索洛维约夫上将表示,马航客机失事原因只能在仔细调查后才能确定。他认为,飞机在空中飞行大约2小时后突然从雷达屏幕消失,可以推断是受到外力作用,而不是技术故障。

失事的马来西亚航空公司MH17航班客机是从荷兰阿姆斯特丹飞往马来西亚吉隆坡的,机上共有280名乘客和15名机组人员。据俄罗斯媒体报道,这架客机本应在莫斯科时间17日17时20分(北京时间21时20分)进入俄罗斯领空,但在靠近俄罗斯边界的乌克兰东部地区坠毁,乘客和机组成员全部遇难。

波罗申科17日就马航客机坠毁事件向马来西亚总理纳吉布和遇难者家属表示深切慰问。波罗申科说,他对这一可怕的悲剧“深感震惊”。

俄总统普京17日也向马来西亚总理纳吉布发唁电,对马来西亚航空公司客机在乌克兰境内遭遇意外,造成大量人员伤亡表示最深切的哀悼,并请他转达对遇难者家属的同情和支持。俄罗斯紧急情况部部长普奇科夫17日说,俄已经发出正式问讯,准备参与救援行动。


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