Legend has it that Ethiopian shepherds first noticed the effects of caffeine when they saw their goats appearing to become frisky and "dance" after eating coffee berries.
Originally, Coffee was eaten. African tribes mixed coffee berries with fat which formed edible energy balls.
The rise of Islam contributed greatly to the popularity of coffee. The religion prohibited drinking alcohol, but coffee was considered an acceptable drink.
All the coffee in the world grows in the Bean Belt. The "Bean Belt" is a fancy word for the equator.
In 1675, the King of England banned coffee houses, claiming they were places where people met to conspire against him.
70% of the world consumes Arabica coffee, which is mild and aromatic. The remaining 30% drinks Robusta, which is more bitter-tasting but has 50% more caffeine than Arabica.
Coffee grows on trees. They can grow to be up to 30 feet tall, but are cultivated to be around 10 feet tall for easy-picking.
The bean is actually a seed inside of a bright red berry.
Coffee berries are picked, dried and stripped down until all that’s left is a green bean. Once shipped, the beans are roasted at around 500 degrees Fahrenheit. After a few minutes the bean will "pop" and double in size. A few minutes later the bean will "pop" once more. The second pop means the bean is done.
Coffee is the second most traded commodity on earth. Oil is the first... clearly humanity has a thing for black drippy liquids.
Espresso is not a particular type of bean, roast or blend. Espresso is just a way that coffee is prepared: shooting pressurized, hot water through finely ground coffee.
The term "Americano" comes from American GIs during WWII. They would order espresso with water to dilute the strong flavour.