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新技能get:踩踏事故求生指南

2015-01-04    来源:Shanghaidaily    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

How to survive a stampede
新技能get:踩踏事故如何求生?

百度百科:

任何时候去人流密集的地方,都应当观察周围,记住出口的位置,提前在大脑中规划撤离方案 。
一旦你发现已经被人流裹挟,无法自主控制前进方向的时候,切记不要停下,也不要硬挤,而是要一边顺着人流同步前进,一边向前进方向的侧方移动,直至移出人群 。
双手握拳架在胸前,就像拳击手的防守姿势,这样可以尽量保证胸腔不被挤扁 。
注意脚下,千万不要被绊倒 。
一旦摔倒,赶紧站起来。如果身边同伴摔倒,立即把ta拉起来。如果身边是儿童,把他们举过肩 。
如果摔倒了没法站起,爬也要跟着人群前进的方向。如果无法移动,用手护住头部,蜷缩膝盖至胸前。不要俯卧和仰卧 。
拥挤的人群有多大的能量?如果你被汹涌的人潮挤在一个不可压缩的物体上,比如一面砖墙、地面或者一群倒下的人身上,背后七八个人的推挤产生的压力就可能达到一吨以上。实际上在踩踏事故中,遇难者大多并不是真的死于踩踏,他们的死因更多的是挤压性窒息——人的胸腔被挤压的没有空间扩张。在最极端的踩踏事故中,人在遇难时甚至可以保持站立的姿态。

During a stampede, people may die not only because of traumatic trampling injuries but also suffocation brought by pushing crowd pressure. Here are a few tips to increase the chances of survival in an incident.

1. When feeling uncomfortable in a crowd, start looking for exits and leave. Many people make that decision too late and find themselves trapped in the crowd.

2. If trapped in the middle of a moving crowd, move in the same direction of the crowd. Don’t push against the crowd.

3. Try to stay on your feet and keep your hands up by your chest like a boxer – it helps to protect your chest.

4. Divert pressure to your side. When pressure is applied to the body in a front to back direction, people won’t be able to breath. Survival rate is higher when the pressure is applied on side, because rib cages protect the ability to breath.

5. Don’t bend to pick up dropped stuff, no matter it’s a shoe, cell phone or wallet. That increases the possibility of pile-up and being trampled.

6. If you fall and cannot get up, keep moving by crawling in the same direction of the crowd. If that is not possible, then cover your head with your arms and curl up into the fetal position. Do not lay on your stomach or back, as this dangerously exposes your lungs.

7. Use sign language to communicate with people around you. If someone extends their hand for help, grab hold to keep them up. If you’re in danger ask people to crowd surf you out.

traumatic: 外伤的损伤的



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