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英语新闻:不良生活方式导致每年1600万人早死

2015-01-20    来源:新东方    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

 英语新闻:不良生活方式导致每年1600万人早死

'Lifestyle' Diseases Kill 16 Million Prematurely

英语新闻:

Diseases linked to lifestyle choices, including diabetes and some cancers, kill 16 million people prematurely each year, the World Health Organization said Monday, urging action to stop the "slow-moving public health disaster".

Unhealthy habits like smoking, alcohol abuse and consuming too much fat, salt and sugar have sparked an epidemic of diseases which together constitute the leading cause of death globally, WHO said.

This "lifestyle disease" epidemic "causes a much greater public health threat than any other epidemic known to man," said Shanthi Mendis, the lead author of WHO's Chronic Diseases Prevention and Management report.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), like cardiovascular conditions, diabetes, lung disease and a range of cancers, killed a full 38 million people around the globe in 2012 -- 16 million of them under the age of 70.


"Not thousands are dying, but millions are dying ... every year in their 30s, 40s, 50s and 60s, not in their 80s and 90s," said Mendis.

"It's beyond belief that it is seemingly invisible," she told reporters ahead of the launch.

Most of the world's 16 million premature NCD deaths each year -- 82 percent -- occur in poor and middle income countries, and most of them could be averted with just small investments, the report found.

"The global community has the chance to change the course of the NCD epidemic," WHO chief Margaret Chan said in a statement.

Millions of lives could be saved if the world over the next decade invests just $11.2 billion each year, or $1-3 per person, on promoting healthier habits, the report found.

- Devastating consequences -

Today, some six million people die prematurely each year due to tobacco use, 3.3 million deaths are linked to alcohol abuse, 3.2 million to lacking physical activity and 1.7 million to eating too much salt, according to WHO findings.

A full 42 million children under the age of five are considered to be obese, and an estimated 84 percent of adolescents do not get enough exercise, Mendis said, describing the situations as "extremely frightening."

The international community has staked out nine global targets for shifting unhealthy habits with the aim of slashing premature NCD deaths by a quarter between 2011 and 2025.

Simple and inexpensive steps like banning advertising of tobacco and alcohol products and taxing foods and drinks that contain high levels of salt and caffeine has already proven successful in a range of countries, WHO said.

In Turkey, for instance, an advertising ban on tobacco products combined with significant price hikes and health warnings has pushed smoking rates down 13.4-percent since 2008.

A move in Hungary to heavily tax unhealthy food and drink components has meanwhile led to a 27-percent drop in junk food sales, the report said.

But while some countries have made progress, most will fall short of the 2025 target, WHO said, warning that inaction would have far-reaching consequences.

"When people fall sick and die in the prime of their lives, productivity suffers, and the cost of treating diseases can be devastating," the UN health agency said.

It has estimated that if nothing is done to improve the situation, premature NCD deaths will suck $7.0 trillion out of the global economy over the next decade.

prematurely: adv.过早地,贸然地

consume: vt.消耗,消费; 耗尽,毁灭; 吃光,

epidemic: n.流行病; 迅速的传播、生长或发展

cardiovascular: adj.心血管的

devastating: adj.毁灭性的,灾难性的; 惊人的

avert: v.防止,避免

trillion: n.万亿; 兆

相关内容:

新华社日内瓦1月19日电 世界卫生组织19日发布的一份研究报告称,心肺疾病、中风、癌症、糖尿病等非传染性疾病每年导致全球1600万人在70岁以前过早死亡。世卫组织呼吁各国采取行动以减轻非传染病带来的各种负担。

报告指出,绝大多数非传染病导致的死亡可以预防,在2012年全球3800万名死于非传染病的患者中,有1600万人是过早死亡且本可避免。各国政府可倡导减少烟酒消费、鼓励健康饮食及运动、扩大全民健康政策的覆盖范围,以促进非传染病死亡人数大幅减少。世卫组织总干事陈冯富珍说,通过为每人每年投资1至3美元,各国可大幅降低非传染病的发病及死亡几率。她敦促各国在2015年设立相关的全国性目标,实施有效的行动方案。

(Sina)



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