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视频新闻:最高法第一巡回法庭在深圳挂牌

2015-01-29    来源:普特编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

最高法第一巡回法庭在深圳挂牌
China sets up first circuit court in Shenzhen

【新闻速递】据新华社深圳1月28日电,最高人民法院第一巡回法庭28日在广东省深圳市挂牌,巡回区为广东、广西、海南三省区。

最高法同时发布《最高人民法院关于巡回法庭审理案件若干问题的规定》,其中规定,巡回法庭是最高法派出的常设审判机构。巡回法庭作出的判决、裁定和决定,是最高法的判决、裁定和决定。

规定显示,最高法第二巡回法庭设在辽宁省沈阳市,巡回区为辽宁、吉林、黑龙江。规定从2015年2月1日起实施,最高法巡回法庭届时将开始受理和审理案件。

相关英语新闻:

China has established its first circuit court in the city of Shenzhen, in the southern province of Guangdong. Nine presiding judges and four officials have been selected to serve in the court on the level as a branch of the supreme people's court, which will oversee cases across a few provinces. The move follows a decision from a key meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in late October, that focused on the rule of law.

A milestone in China's judicial reform process. The nameplate for China's first circuit court was unveiled at an inauguration ceremony by high-ranking officials including the President of the Supreme People's Court, and the Party Secretary of Guangdong Province.

The Shenzhen court will have jurisdiction over the provinces of Guangdong and Hainan, and Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region.

It's the first, but not the last. Another circuit court will open in Shenyang, capital of the northeast province of Liaoning, in a few days.

It will be in charge of cases across Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces.

"The reason for establishing the circuit court in Shenzhen is that Guangdong Province has seen rapid economic development these past years, and the number of civil and criminal cases has increased. It's also near Hong Kong and Macao. In the country's northeast, the region is undergoing an industrial transformation. This has led to many lawsuits. The circuit court in Shenyang will help with the rejuvenation of the northeastern rust belt," He Xiaorong with Supreme People's Court said.

These courts will facilitate public filing of lawsuits from local communities and help save time. No longer will a litigant in the very southern province of Guangdong have to fly up to Beijing.

 


The building for the first circuit court in Shenzhen is pictured here on Jan. 27, 2015. 

They are also seen as a way of increasing judicial independence, by reducing local officials' power to interfere in the judiciary.

The Supreme People's Court has appointed Liu Guixiang as head judge of the No.1 circuit court, who has promised a hands-on approach.

"We will hear cases not just in Shenzhen. We will go to Hainan Province or Guangxi to help solve conflicts at a local level. We will also dispatch presiding judges and other staff to local communities to hear judicial cases filed by the public," Liu said.

The United States boasts a similar federal circuit court system.

The American circuit courts were the original intermediate level courts of the US federal court system.

They have jurisdiction over civil suits in addition to adjudicating cases involving major federal crimes.(英文文本 via CNTV)

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

1. circuit court <美>巡回法庭

2. presiding judge 庭长,首席法官

3. nameplate n. 姓名牌,名称牌

4. inauguration n. 就职,就职典礼

5. jurisdiction n. 司法权,管辖权

6. rejuvenation  n. 返老还童,恢复活力

7. litigant n. 诉讼当事人 adj. 进行诉讼的

8. hands-on adj. 亲自实践的,实际动手,操作的



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