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视频新闻:最高法第二巡回法庭在沈挂牌

2015-02-02    来源:普特编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

最高法第二巡回法庭在沈挂牌
China sets up second circuit court in Shenyang

【新闻速递】 继28日第一巡回法庭在广东省深圳市挂牌,最高人民法院第二巡回法庭31日上午在辽宁省沈阳市挂牌,巡回区为辽宁、吉林、黑龙江三省。至此,两个巡回法庭的先后挂牌标志着司法改革继续向纵深迈进。据悉,为依法及时公正审理跨行政区域重大行政和民商事等案件,推动审判工作重心下移、就地解决纠纷、方便当事人诉讼,最高法根据中央精神及有关法律、司法解释,结合审判工作实际,设立巡回法庭,受理巡回区内相关案件。此前,最高法发布《最高人民法院关于巡回法庭审理案件若干问题的规定》,其中规定,巡回法庭是最高法派出的常设审判机构,巡回法庭作出的判决、裁定和决定,是最高法的判决、裁定和决定。

上述规定显示,最高法第一巡回法庭设在深圳,巡回区为广东、广西、海南三省区,第二巡回法庭设在沈阳,巡回区为辽宁、吉林、黑龙江三省。规定自2015年2月1日起施行,巡回法庭届时将开始受理和审理案件。

相关英语新闻:

China has established its second circuit court in the city of Shenyang, in the northeastern province of Liaoning. This, together with the one set up in the southern city of Shenzhen a few days ago, are going to deal with their first cases on Monday.

The inauguration ceremony for the second circuit court to be set up in China this week. Another important step in China's judicial reform.

On Sunday, 9 presiding judges and 4 officials were selected to serve in the court in Shenyang. The circuit court will have the same powers as the Supreme People's Court in Beijing. The court will handle cross-province cases and issue final verdicts.


 

"The circuit court will look into cases like major administrative civil cases and commercial cases. The Supreme People's Court will no longer take such cases in the circuit region. It's not an independent court. Its decisions will be equivalent to that of the Supreme Court," said Sun Jungong, spokesman of Supreme People's Court.

The Circuit courts will help local communities file cases directly and hence save time. No longer will a litigant in the very eastern or southern provinces have to travel all the way to Beijing.

The Shenyang court will have jurisdiction over the provinces of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang, while the Shenzhen court, which was set up earlier in the week, will have jurisdiction over the provinces of Guangdong and Hainan, and Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region.

They are also seen as a way of increasing judicial independence, by reducing local officials' power to interfere in the judiciary.

According to current rules, people can only sue a provincial-level government department in an intermediate people's court. These courts are set up in major cities in each province. This system left room for regional protectionism, in the form of the intermediate courts protecting local government agencies. The opening of circuit courts is expected to curb this protectionism and further promote justice.

Liu Guixiang, head judge of the No. 1 circuit court in Shenzhen, has promised a hands-on approach.

"We will hear cases not just in Shenzhen. We will go to Hainan Province or Guangxi to help solve conflicts at a local level. We will also dispatch presiding judges and other staff to local communities to hear judicial cases filed by the public," Liu said.

The major judges in the two circuit courts are selected and appointed by the Supreme People's Court. They will rotate every two years to prevent a relationship developing with local officials. In an anti-graft effort, the courts' daily operation will be supervised by a monitoring group. The presiding judges will have life-long accountability for the decisions they hand down. And member of the public can lodge complaints online.(英文文本 via CNTV)

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

1. inauguration n. 就职,就职典礼

2. litigant n. 诉讼当事人 adj. 进行诉讼的
 
3. curb n. 限制,抑制,勒马绳 v. 制止,束缚

4. dispatch v. 派遣,调度 ,迅速处理

5. rotate v. (使某物)旋转,使转动,使轮流

6. anti-graft n. 反腐败  



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