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信息图:骑行人数越多,死亡率越低

2015-03-05    来源:forbeschina    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

信息图:骑行人数越多,死亡率越低
The More Cyclists In A Country, The Fewer Fatal Crashes - Report [Infographic]

Bicyclist deaths in the United States are on the upward trend. Nationally, fatalities among cyclists increased from 621 in 2010 to 722 in 2012. This correlates with an increase in commuting to work by bicycle. Interestingly, however, an OECD report actually suggests that when a country has more cyclists, it tends to have fewer fatalities.
美国骑自行车者的死亡人数呈现上升趋势,从全国范围来看,骑车出行的死亡人数从2010年的621人增加到2012年的722人。这一趋势与骑车上下班的人数增长之间存在相关性。然而有趣的是,经合组织(OECD)的一份研究报告实际上表明,一个国家骑车的人越多,骑行的死亡率往往却越低。

The “safety in numbers” phenomenon is rather simple to grasp – more cyclists means more awareness among motorists. A lone cyclist in a traffic-choked urban area is far more likely to experience an accident and injury. In countries like the Netherlands and Denmark where people cycle an average of 864 and 513 kilometers each year, the number of cyclists killed per billion kilometers of bicycle travel stands at 10.7 and 14.6 respectively.
这种“人多更安全”的现象很容易理解——骑车的人越多,意味着汽车驾驶员的安全意识就会越高。在交通拥堵的城市地区,独自骑车的人更容易遭遇车祸和受伤。在荷兰和丹麦这样的国家,人们骑车出行的距离平均为每年864公里和513公里,骑行者每骑行十亿公里的死亡人数分别为10.7人和14.6人。

Compare that to the United States where the average cyclist travels 47 kilometers in a year. However, the death toll stands at 44 per billion kilometers, pointing towards the fact that the fewer cyclists there are, the more likely accidents and fatalities are to occur. It is also important to point out that cycling has been a way of life in Denmark and the Netherlands for decades and the excellent infrastructure in both countries also keeps cyclists safer.
与此相比,美国骑行者的骑行距离平均为每年47公里。然而,该国骑行者每骑行十亿公里的死亡人数却高达44人,这表明骑车的人越少,自行车出行越有可能遭遇交通事故和死亡。同样重要的是,在丹麦和荷兰,骑车在过去几十年来都是一种生活方式,这两个国家也有良好的基础设施,保障骑行者的交通安全。

Why then has the number of deaths among American cyclists increased in line with more commuting to work via bicycle? The OECD report also points out that the “safety in numbers” idea involves a degree of uncertainty. Both cyclists and drivers need time to adapt to each other’s presence. A rapid surge in the number of bicycles on the road may lead to more accidents in the short term until that “safety in numbers” effect kicks in over a longer time period.
那么,为什么美国骑行者的死亡人数增长与骑车上下班的人数增长保持一致?经合组织的这份报告也指出,“人多更安全”的想法存在一定程度上的不确定性。自行车骑行者和汽车驾驶者都需要时间去适应对方的存在。公路上自行车数量的快速增长,可能会在短期内导致更多的交通事故,直至“人多更安全”的效果在更长的时间里发挥出作用为止。(forbeschina.com)

correlate with 找出一一对应的关系;使…与…发生关系

uncertainty  n. 不确定,不可靠

excellent adj. 卓越的;极好的;杰出的



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