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科学家破译大熊猫13种语言密码

2015-11-05    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Scientists decode giant panda language
科学家破译大熊猫13种语言密码

Would you ever have imagined that giant pandas would baa like sheep to say "I love you", or warble a cheerful "I do" when wooed by a suitor?

Staff at panda breeding center in southwest China's Sichuan Province have decoded 13 different kinds of giant panda vocalizations, an surprising new insight in the private lives of these reclusive creatures.

The China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda (CCRCGP) has been working on a panda linguistics project since 2010. They first made recordings of pandas in the center, cubs and adults, in various situations: when they were eating, mating, nursing, fighting and so on, said Zhang Hemin, head of the CCRCGP.

Then collected a large amount of data on pandas' voices and activities, and analyzed the voiceprints.

"We managed to decode some panda language and the results are quite interesting," said Zhang.

Panda cubs can barely speak at all except to say things like "Gee-Gee" (I'm hungry), "Wow-Wow" (Not happy!) or "Coo-Coo" (Nice!).

"Adult giant pandas usually are solitary, so the only language teacher they have is their own mother," said Zhang.

When they grow a little and they can learn from their mother how to express themselves by roaring, barking, shout, squeaking, bleating and chirping.

"If a panda mother keeps tweeting like a bird, she may be anxious about her babies. She barks loudly when a stranger comes near." The barking can be interpreted as "getting out of my place". Pandas can be as gentle as lamb when they are "in love". Male pandas baa all the time when they are wooing to their lovers. The females respond with constant tweeting if they feel the same.

"Trust me. Our researchers were so confused when we began the project that they wondered if they were studying a panda, a bird, a dog, or a sheep," said Zhang.

The center plans to continue the study and are looking forward to the invention of panda translator which may use high-tech voice recognition technology.

"If we can understand their language, it will help us protect the animal, especially in the wild," he said.

Fewer than 2,000 pandas live in the wild, mostly in the provinces of Sichuan and Shaanxi. There were 375 giant pandas in captivity at the end of 2013, about 200 of them at the CCRCGP.

你能想象熊猫说“我爱你”时是“咩咩咩”,说“我愿意”时像鸟叫,而说“我很生气”时又像狗叫吗?

长期从事大熊猫人工繁育的中国保护大熊猫中心的专家们研究发现,大熊猫至少会用13种不同的声音来表达不同的意思,而“破译”了这些“猫言猫语”无疑将帮助专家们进一步了解大熊猫生活习性和心理,走进他们的世界。

中国保护大熊猫研究中心主任、卧龙自然保护区管理局局长张和民介绍,在2010年,来自音乐之乡奥地利维也纳的专家和中心合作,已经通过录音和频谱分析,破译了部分大熊猫的语言密码,听懂了它们在采食、求偶、照顾宝宝等不同情景下的“喜怒哀乐”。近年来,中心继续与其他国内外的学术研究机构合作继续“破译”工程,到目前已初见成效。

专家们发现,刚出生的熊猫宝宝和人类宝宝一样,基本只能发出“吱吱”、“哇哇”和“咕咕”这三种简单的叫声。一般情况下“吱吱”、“哇哇”表示“我饿了,我要吃奶”或是“妈妈你压着我了,请换个姿势抱我,让我舒服点”等意思,而“咕咕”则是表示愉悦和舒适感受时发出的满意叫声。

而熊猫在成长过程中也和人类一样要跟着母亲“学说话”,耳濡目染,它们慢慢地就会学会吼叫、吠叫、嗷叫、嘶叫、咩叫等叫声。

比如,熊猫妈妈如果发出“咩咩”声,那可能是在寻找她的宝宝,饲养员需要适时提供帮助;而当大熊猫们发出“汪汪”的吠叫声时,则千万不要靠近他们,因为那表示他们很愤怒,想要打架或是威胁对方不要进入自己的领地。

而在春季发情季节,熊猫还会使用自己独特的“恋爱语言”。雄性熊猫会发出咩叫声,那可是在用“甜言蜜语”向自己心上人求爱。被俘获芳心,坠入爱河的雌性熊猫就会发出“唧唧”“喳喳”的类似鸟鸣声,害羞回应。

“我们的工作人员也会开玩笑问大熊猫到底是羊、是狗还是鸟啊?”张和民说。

他表示,熊猫语言学的研究还将继续,如能够破译更多熊猫语言,甚至发明“翻译器”,那将有助于饲养员更好地理解熊猫各种声音的准确含义,也将有利于更科学地饲养、保护大熊猫,甚至能帮助大熊猫提高自然交配成功率。

中国保护大熊猫研究中心成立于1980年,目前是全球最大的大熊猫保护和人工繁育机构,加上今年新出生存活的新生幼崽,该中心目前拥有近200只大熊猫,占全球大熊猫圈养总数的60%。
 



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