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原来好基友这么有“用”

2017-02-05    来源:普特英语编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

不管是电影明星文斯·沃恩和欧文·威尔逊,还是《老友记》里面的乔伊和钱德勒,以及在一些好莱坞大片中,不知道大家有没有注意到这样一个现象,在角色设定上基本会有这样一种趋势,一对“基友”出双入对。为什么会这样呢?因为,一个成功的男人旁边一定站着一位成功的“基友”,这是研究表明的。

 

A new study which appeared in Neuropsychopharmacology highlights the benefits of male friendship. Researchers from the University of California, Berkeley, studied how friendship affects male rats. When housed together, male rats frequently displayed aggression toward one another. They often fought over food and water. After experiencing mild stress, however, the rats became more cooperative and increasingly social. They stopped fighting and they treated each other in a much more civil manner. They huddled together and sought comfort from one another. Huddling with the other rats led to increased oxytocin in the brain. Oxytocin, also known as the "feel-good hormone," appeared to help the rats cope with stress.
神经精神药理学的一项新研究重点强调了男性友情带来的益处。加州大学伯克利分校的研究人员研究了友谊是如何影响雄性老鼠的。把他们放在一起时,雄性老鼠会互相展现出攻击性。他们经常会为食物和水大打出手。然而,轻度施压后,他们会变得更加合作和社会化。他们停止战斗,开始处于一种“文明执法”的模式。他们挤作一团,寻求彼此的安慰。抱团可以促进大脑中催产素(也就是一种自我感觉良好的荷尔蒙)的增加,以帮助老鼠来应付压力。

The researchers concluded that a good bromance will release oxytocin in the human brain as well—and increased oxytocin can help men live longer, healthier lives. (Although some also refer to oxytocin as "the love hormone," emotionally intense platonic relationships also increase oxytocin.)
研究表明,一段好的“基情”可以增加大脑中的催产素,从而可以使人长寿,拥有一个更为健康的生活(虽然一些催产素被称为“爱情荷尔蒙”,但亲密的纯友谊关系其实也可以增加催产素)。

那么,催产素到底有什么作用呢?

 

1. Pain relief.
缓解疼痛。


Oxytocin has been associated with decreased pain and improved healing speed. Studies show it can even raise your pain threshold.
催产素和减少疼痛与提升愈合速度紧密相关。研究显示催产素的增加可以提高你的疼痛阈值。

2. Lower cortisol levels.
降低皮质醇水平。


Cortisol, the stress hormone, can have harmful effects on your body, ranging from increased abdominal fat to decreased immunity. Studies show oxytocin reduces the amount of cortisol that releases in response to stressful situations.
皮质醇、应激激素都会对身体产生危害,从增加腹部脂肪到减少免疫力。研究显示催产素可以减少一些响应紧张情况而释放的皮质醇。

3. Increased generosity.
更为慷慨。


Oxytocin has been shown to boost altruism. In one study, participants who received oxytocin were 80% more generous than others who received a placebo.
催产素被证明可以助推利他主义。一项研究表明,接受催产素的受试者比接受安慰剂的受试者慷慨80%。

 

Some wives and girlfriends may be tempted to complain about the amount of time a man spends with his friends, but a partner's bromances could actually lead to an improved romantic relationship: The oxytocin which releases when a man spends time with friends promotes social bonding with anyone perceived to be in the individual's "inner circle."
一些妻子和女朋友可能会抱怨自己丈夫或者男朋友会花大量时间和朋友混在一起,但是合作关系的兄弟友谊实际上可以提升夫妻或情侣间的浪漫关系:当男人与朋友待在一起所释放的催产素可以促进他与自己最亲近的人之间的关系。

A 2012 study in Biological Psychiatry found that oxytocin could help fathers bond more with their babies: Dads who got a boost of oxytocin via a nasal spray played more closely with their babies than dads who didn't get the spray.
2012的一项生物病学研究发现,催产素可以增加爸爸与孩子之间的亲密程度:通过喷鼻剂增加催产素的爸爸与他们的孩子之间的距离比没有增加催产素的爸爸要亲近得多。

Oxytocin may also help men stay faithful to their partners. One study found that oxytocin led men in monogamous relationships to keep a greater distance between themselves and an attractive woman during an initial encounter. Researchers suspect this may be to avoid signaling romantic interest toward other women.
除此之外,催产素可以让男人更忠诚于他们的妻子。研究发现催产素可以让一夫一妻制关系中的男人在与其他女人第一次邂逅保持距离。研究人员怀疑这可能是避免向其他女人传达浪漫。

Male friendship won't just improve the quality of a man's life—it just might impact the length of it.
男性友情不仅可以提高男人的生活品质,它也可能影响男人的生命之路有多长。



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