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过节长膘又如何,告别肥胖羞耻,做快乐的胖纸

2017-02-05    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

过完节是不是又胖了?

 
是不是又在感慨“自己真的不是猪吗?”
 
是不是又打算来一轮新的减肥计划,并伴有“要么瘦要么死”“死胖子没有未来”“体重都控制不了何以控制人生”这样的口号。

可是你知道吗?
 
当你用这些刻薄的语言来对待自己or别人的体型、体重的时候,对自己or别人造成的伤害,可不只是心灵上的伤害。
 
它们确实会对人造成切实的健康问题。
 
根据《Obesity》杂志所载的一项最新研究显示,那些总是对自己的体重抱有消极态度,并总说一些消极的陈腔滥调(negative stereotypes)——“我真的好胖啊”“又胖又丑”“胖到没(男)朋友”等等——来否定自己的人,比同等体重同等心理健康的人,患有糖尿病、心脏病以及中风的风险是其他人的3倍。
 
“Above and beyond the effects of weight, this internalization of weight bias is associated with poor health,” the study’s lead author, Rebecca Pearl, told The Huffington Post. 
“体重带来的影响远不止这些,有关体重偏见的内在化或者说主观化,也会带来身体的不健康,”该研究的第一作者Rebecca Pearl在接受《赫芬顿邮报》采访时如是说。
 
Rebecca Pearl是宾夕法尼亚大学医学院体重与饮食失调研究中心助理教授,她还说道:
 
“There is this misconception that’s out there that a little bit of stigma might help to motivate people or ... get people to change their health behaviors.”
“人们总是有这样的误解和错觉,好像说一些刻毒的话就能激励人们改变自己的行为似的。”
 
比如说,大家都见过的这张图——
社会

 “That’s not the case.”
“但事情并不是这样的。”
 
Fat shaming is bad for your health
肥胖羞耻感有害健康
 
Past studies suggest that individuals who feel shamed for their physical appearance or weight are at increased risk of depression, anxiety, body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem. Other research shows that people who are body-shamed tend to weigh more, have greater waist circumferences and a greater tendency to become obese over time ― and that people who face weight discrimination also face a higher risk of mortality over time.
过去的一些研究显示对外表感到羞耻的人,患有抑郁症、焦虑症、体象障碍与低自尊的概率较大,还有一些研究显示对自己身体感到羞耻的人,称体重的频率更多、腰围更大,肥胖的几率也更高。此外,患有体重歧视的人死亡率也更高。
 
This latest study is important, Pearl explained, because it suggests that fat shaming can affect health measures that are known to bring on diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
而这项最新的研究及其重要,Pearl解释道,因为它提出了这种“肥胖羞耻感”会带来我们在上文中提到过的各种问题——糖尿病、心脏病与中风。
 
The new study included 159 overweight or obese adults, ages 21 to 65, who had signed up for a larger trial to evaluate a weight-loss maintenance program. They rated how much they felt stigmatized by weight-related stereotypes ― a measure known as weight bias internalization ― and indicated how much they agreed with statements like “My weight is a major way that I judge my value as a person” or “I feel anxious about being overweight because of what people might think of me.”
这项研究调查了159名超重或肥胖的成人,年龄在21到65岁之间,他们报名参加了一个规模较大的试验,来评估一项减重治疗计划。他们需要表明自己受到的与体重有关的“刻板印象”的非难——即主观性的体重偏见——有多频繁,以及他们是否赞同这些话——“体重是我衡量自己作为人的价值的主要标准”或“一想到人们怎么评价我又多胖我就感到焦虑“。
 
Everyone in the study also underwent a medical exam that measured blood pressure, waist circumference, triglyceride levels, HDL cholesterol and glucose. People with unhealthy measures in any three of those areas were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.
实验中的每个人也都做了体检,比如说,测量了血压、腰围、甘油三酯水平、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇与葡萄糖耐量,有任何3项不达标的人,被诊断患有代谢综合症。
 
*注:代谢综合征(metabolic syndrome,MS)是心血管病的多种代谢危险因素(与代谢异常相关的心血管病危险因素)在个体内集结的状态。
 
代谢综合征(metabolic syndrome,MS)是多种代谢成分异常聚集的病理状态,包括:腹部肥胖或超重、致动脉粥样硬化血脂异常[高三酰甘油(TG)血症及高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)低下],高血压及胰岛素抵抗和(或)葡萄糖耐量异常。
 
The data revealed that people who reported higher levels of weight bias internalization were three times more likely to have metabolic syndrome than people who reported low levels of weight bias internalization. People who felt the most stigmatized were also six times more likely to have high triglyceride levels.
数据显示,具有高程度主观性体重偏见的人比低程度主观性体重偏见的人,患有代谢综合症的几率高3倍。那些受体重偏见折磨最深的人,患有超标的甘油三酯水平的几率是其他人的6倍。
 
Why it’s important to call out weight bias
消除体重偏见为何如此重要
 
When people agree with harmful stereotypes about their bodies, it can really shake their confidence and their ability to make healthy changes, Pearl said.
Pearl表示,当人们相信那些有关体重的“陈腔滥调”时,他们的自信心以及做出健康改变的能力就会被动摇。
 
“Given all the messages of shame and blame around weight that are out there, it’s really hard to not internalize some of these messages,” she explained.
“很多有关体重的羞耻感和自责感都来源于此,而这些话语却很容易被人们记在心底,”她解释道。
 
“Weight is a complex issue,” Pearl said. “It involves biological factors, environmental factors and things that do not involve personal characteristics at all. It’s important for people to remember that weight is not a reflection of personal character.” 
“体重是一个很复杂的因素,”Pearl说道。“它包含了生物因素、环境因素等等,跟个人特征并无多大关系,要记住,体重并不是个人性格特征的反映。”
 
Pearl encourages people who feel stigmatized because of their weight to remind themselves how they break these stereotypes ― in school, in their careers or in their personal lives.
Pearl鼓励那些对自己体重感到羞耻的人,记住他们是如何打破这些偏见的——无论是在学校、事业、还是私人生活中。
 
Setting specific, achievable, concrete goals to improve health behaviors can also help people be more confident and ignore the negative stereotypes out there, she added.
设立具体的、可实现的精确目标来提高健康行为,在帮助人们变得更自信的同时,也能忽略那些消极的偏见,Pearl说道。
 
And for the public, it’s important to call out weight bias or discrimination when they see it, Pearl said.
她还说道,对于普通大众来说,停止体重偏见与歧视,这一点很重要。
 
“It is not acceptable to shame others because of their weight,” she said. “It is important to understand that obesity is not the result of laziness or a lack of individual willpower.”
“由于他人的体重就去羞辱别人是难以接受的,”她说道,“肥胖并不是由于懒或者缺乏意志力,理解这一点很重要。”

More diverse, longer studies will reveal more
更多元、更长久的研究会揭示更多
 
Pearl emphasizes that her study was relatively small, so further research with with larger, more diverse groups is needed. The majority of participants in the study were African-American women, who are not often well-represented in obesity research.
Pearl强调,她的研究规模相对来说较小,还需要对更多元的群组进行更进一步的研究。研究参与者中的大多数人都是美国黑人女子,她们在肥胖研究中的表现向来一般。
 
The study authors note that certain race-related factors could have affected the results, though it’s not clear how. Longitudinal studies that follow individuals over time are also needed to show whether fat-shaming makes heart disease and stroke risk factors worse.
研究作者提到,一些跟种族有关的因素也会影响调查结果,即便目前为止还尚未明确。有关这些参与者的进一步的纵向研究也将显示肥胖羞耻是否会造成心脏病与中风。
 
But even with all those caveats, this study adds even more evidence that weight stigma has negative implications for health, Pearl said. 
即便有种种不足,但这项研究还是证明了来自体重的羞辱会给身体带来消极影响,Pearl说道。
 
看完这篇文章,你们还要继续埋汰自己,还要互相伤害吗?
 
在没有胖到影响健康的前提下,既然减不了肥,何不做一个快乐健康的胖子呢?


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