第24课: 现在几点钟?

作者:admin

来源:

2013-2-18 09:46

时间对于现代人来说是非常重要的,所有用来计算时间的工具称为Time piece,包括:手表(wrist watch)、钟(watch) 、袋表(pocket watch),古代人用沙漏(egg timer) 和日晷(sun dial)作时间工具。如果以上的工具你都没有,还有你的嘴巴,可以问人:What time is it now?(现在几点钟?)或者说:Do you have the time?。刚巧没有带表,可回答:I'm sorry. I don't wear a watch.(对不起,我没带表)。 外国人习惯用 "to"和 "past"来表示时间,例如9时45分,英文叫quarter to ten;10时15分叫quarter past ten。Quarter相等于中文的一刻(十五分钟)的意思。

对话

A: Excuse me, what time is it now?
B: See there, the sun's setting and it's late July and we're in the northern hemisphere.......
A: So?
B:I think it's about 6:45 pm.
A: Why don't you look at your watch?
B: My watch has stopped.

甲:请问现在几点钟?
乙:看看那儿,太阳正下山,又是七月底,我们在北半球......。
甲:那么?
乙:我想是下午6点45分。
甲:为什么你不看你的手表?
乙:我的手表坏了。

问时间,英文有多种说法,最奇怪的应是Do you (happen to) have the (correct) time?或What time do you have?这直译是‘你有(正确的)时间么?’和‘你有什么时间?’实际意思却是‘你知道现在几点吗?’和‘你的表是几点钟?’

其它问时间的说法有:(1) What's the time?/What time is it?(是什么时间了?)(2) Could you tell me what time it is? / Could you give (或tell) me the time?(可以告诉我是什么时间吗?)(3) Do you know the time? / Do you know what time it is?(你知道现在是什么时间吗?)(4) Could I bother you for the time?(麻烦你告诉我是什么时间好吗?)(5) What's is the time by your watch?(你的手表是几点?)

问时间,可能是因为自己的手表不准确。手表快了或慢了,英文可以说:My watch is a bit too fast / slow. 要说快了或慢了五分钟,英文是:My watch is five minutes fast / slow. 每天快或慢一分钟,则可以说:My watch gains / loses a minute a day。

手表快了,当然要拨慢一点,这叫做to put / set the watch back;手表慢了,则须拨快一点,这叫做to put / set the watch forward,例如:The watch should be set back / forward a minute.(手表要拨慢╱拨快一分钟)。