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名人故事(音频):富兰克林·罗斯福 Franklin Roosevelt

2016-03-30    来源:小e英语    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
Franklin Roosevelt
富兰克林·罗斯福
 
Franklin Roosevelt was one of the most important leaders of twentieth century America and perhaps in the whole span of American history. He significantly changed the role of the federal government in the American system,his ideas and prejudices helped to determine the shape of the post-World War II world,  and he changed the nature and constituency of the Democratic Party. In addition, his administration did much to give American labor and agriculture the form they have today.
富兰克林·罗斯福是美国二十世纪,或许是整个美国历史上最重要的领导人之一.他极大地改变了联邦政府在美国制度中的作用,他的思想和偏见帮助确立了第二次世界大战后世界的格局,而且他改变了民主党的性质和选民。另外,他的政府为赋予美国劳工和美国农业今天的结构形式做了大量的工作。
 
Roosevelt's ideas for helping the country were labeled "the New Deal".Though he was not personally responsible for all the programs tried and laws passed in his years as president, he was the man in charge. Supporters and critics alike measured succeeding presidents and other leaders against him.
罗斯福造福国家的主张被称作“新政”。尽管他没有亲自负责他执政时期所实行的计划以及所颁布的法律,但这些工作都是在他主持下进行的。支持者和批评者以同样的方式,以他为例来对比这些计划和法律、评估以后继任的总统和其他领导人。

For those admired Roosevelt, a later leader was as good as, or not as good as their hero. Those who disliked, even hated F.D.R, complained that a later president was as bad as,  or worse than Roosevelt. Such strong feeling was common during the New Deal years
对于那些崇拜罗斯福的人来说,继任领导人与罗斯福同样好,或不如他好。那些不喜欢,甚至恨罗斯福的人抱怨说继任的总统像罗斯福一样坏甚至比罗斯福还坏。这种强烈感情在新政时期是非常普遍的。
 
Whether people liked or disliked F.D.R. they could not overlook the impact he had had and continues to have. Almost every president since Roosevelt' s time has supported or opposed the Roosevelt legacy but could not and cannot ignore it. If the significance of a leader is measured by the lasting impact on succeeding leaders and generations, then Franklin Roosevelt is one of the most important people of the twentieth century. 
不管人们喜欢还是不喜欢罗斯福,他们都不能忽视他已经和继续带来的影响。罗斯福以后的几乎每一位总统都支持过或反对过罗斯福的“新政”,但都未能而且也不能忽略它。如果一位领导人的意义是由他对其继任者和后代的持续不断的影响来判断的话,那么富兰克林·罗斯福就是二十世纪最重要的人物之一了。 


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