Unit 12 Men Like Earning More than Wives
(1) According to a new study, this means I likely have significantly higher career satisfaction than if my wife earned the same or more than me. Pamela Tolbert，the co-author of The Impact of Relative Earnings Among Dual-Earner Couples on Career Satisfaction and Family Satisfaction and a professor at Cornell University's ILR School, looked at 485 middle-class married couples in New York State between 1999 and 2002. They were all dual-earner couples---both husband and wife held full-time jobs.
(1)一项最新研究表明，与妻子挣得和我一样多甚至比我还多的情况相比，我很可能对事业更满意。《双职工家庭相对收入对事业满意度和家庭满意度的影响》一文的合著者之一、康乃尔大学劳工关系学院(ILR School)教授帕梅拉·托尔博特在 1999-2002年间对纽约州485对中产阶级夫妇进行了研究。研究对象都是双职工，即夫妇二人都有全职工作。
Ms. Tolbert c1assified as "equal-earner" couples those in which both spouses contributed between 40% and 60% of total family income. Those in which the men contributed more than 60% of total family income she classified as "traditional" couples. Ms.Tolbert examined how satisfied men and women in these arrangements were with both their careers and their family lives.
It turns out, not too surprisingly, that men really do like making more than their wives. (2) The study found that men who earn a lot more than their wives report significantly higher career satisfaction than men who Earn about the same as their spouses, according to Ms. Tolbert and her co-author，Ronit Manor of Israel's Netanya Academic College. "Husbands feel concerned when wives make more than them," says Ms. Tolbert. "We still have these kinds of models in our head."
But, interestingly, although pay levels affect husbands' career satisfaction, money doesn't seem to matter much when it comes to the home front. Whether men earn less, the same or more than their wives has little effect on their reported level of family satisfaction, which tends to be high, the researchers found. The reasons for that are open to speculation，they added.
(3)Meanwhile, women who earn the same as their husbands report Significantly higher levels of career satisfaction than do women in traditional couples, but significantly lower family satisfaction. The take-home message of her findings, says Ms. Tolbert, is that too many people still cling to outdated gender roles.
1. According to a new study, this means I likely have significantly higher career satisfaction than if my wife eared the same or more than me.
本句是一个复合句， according to a new study现在分词短语作状语。 this means后面是省略了引导词的宾语从句。 if引导条件状语从句。
2. The study found that men who earn a lot more than their wives report significantly higher career satisfaction than men who earn about the same as their according to Ms.Tolbert and her co-author, Ronit Waismel-Manor of Israel's Netanya Academic College.
本句是一个复合句。 that引导宾语从句，作found的宾语。其中两个who分别引导两个限制性定语从句，修饰 men。according to Ms. Tolbert and her co-author现在分词短语作状语， Ronit Waismel-Manor of Israel' s Netanya Academic College是her co-author的同位语，起补充说明的作用。
3. Meanwhile, women who cam the same as their husbands report significantly higher levels of career satisfaction than do women in traditional couples. but significantly lower family satisfaction.
本句是一个复合句， who引导限制性定语从句，修饰women。In traditional couples介词短语作后置定语，修饰women。