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四六级必读美文系列MP3:离职礼仪知多少

2016-03-17    来源:en8848    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

英语四六级必读美文音频系列

Unit 21 How to Resign on Good Terms

【中英双语文本】

As talk of a thaw in hiring freezes rises above a whisper, many people are already planning to look for a new position when the job market picks up.

随着关于招聘市场解冻的传言渐起,许多人都琢磨着要在就业市场回暖时找份新工作。

Some 60% of workers say they intend to leave their jobs when the economy approves, according to a survey by Right Management, a talent and career-management consulting firm in Philadelphia. It might be tempting to give the boss an earful if you find a new job in the coming months. But the way you quit can have a long term impact on your career. How to resign on good terms.

在接受费城职业管理咨询公司Right Management调查的美国雇员中,约有六成的人说希望在经济好转后辞去现有工作。假如未来几个月你能找到下家,那么在临别前你可能颇有那么点想向老板甩上几句狠话。不过,你离职的方式有可能给你的职业生握带来长期影响。以下是几种恰当的职场“分子”礼仪:

—Be prepared. (1) Review your employee handbook or employment contract before announcing your decision,so you know what company policy is regarding resignations, severance,the return of company property and pay for unused vacation time. Also, find out the company's reference policy to see what information will be disclosed to a prospective employer. If you have another job lined up, be sure to have your offer in writing before you resign.

有备而来。(1)在宣布离职决定之前,看看自己的员工手册或劳动合同,这样你会了解公司在辞职、解约、返还公司财物以及未休假补薪等方面有什么政策。此外,阅读一下公司的参考政策条例,了解你的哪些信息将可能披露给未来的雇主。如果你已经找到了新的工作,确保在递交辞呈之前已是聘书在手。

—Use it or lose it. (2)If you haven't used vacation time and will lose it if you quit, you might want to use your time before leaving or link it to your resignation date. States like California consider accrued vacation time to be part of wages and must be paid upon resignation or termination, says employment attorney Michael J. Goldfarb,president of Northridge Calif. -based Holman HR. But if you don't want to bum any bridges, don't take vacation and announce your departure just after you return.

休还是不休? (2)如果你还有假期未休,而且在辞职后也将清零的话,你或许想要在离职前把它们休完或基于它考虑自己的离职日期。加州北岭职业顾问公司Holman HR总裁、雇佣法律师迈克尔·戈德法尔博说,在加州等州,应计休假时间是薪资计算的组成部分,雇主必须在离职或解约之前把这笔钱付给雇员。不过,如果你要是想给自己留条后路,就不要休了假然后回来就马上宣布辞职。

—Make an appointment. "Be formal and make an appointment with your boss," recommends Tanya Maslach, a San Diego, Calif., career expert who specializes in relationship management issues. "Prepare what you want to say. Be direct and engaging -and be transparent," Ms. Maslach says. She also recommends offering to help make the transition easier; ask your boss how you can best do that. After the discussion, put your resignation in a hard-copy letter that includes your last day and any transitional help you've offered. Keep a copy. (3) Two weeks advance notice is still standard but experts recommend offering more time if you've worked at the company for more than five years. You also need to be prepared to leave right away-some companies require it.

与老板约谈。主攻管理关系问题的职业顾问泰娅·马斯拉奇建议,辞职也要郑重其事,并和老板约谈一下。她说,准备好自己要说的话,要直接、诚恳和明了。她建议辞职者主动提出帮助进行工作交接,问问老板自己怎样做才好。在讨论之后,向你的老板提交一封仔细措辞的辞职信,标明你具体的离职时间以及你在交接过程中可以提供怎样的帮助。自己保留一份复印件。 (3)通行做法是留出两周的离职通知时间,但是专家建议,如果你在一家公司供职五年以上,你应该为老东家留出更多的交接时间。你也要做好立即离职的准备,有的公司有此要求。

—Don't take the stapler. "It's not worth it," says Mr. Goldfarb. "If there are security cameras or coworkers with a grudge, stealing from the company doesn't look good." In some cases, you could also end up getting bil1ed filled the missing equipment一or even taken to court, he says.

顺手牵羊使不得。戈德法尔博说,千万别顺走订书机之类的小东西,那样不值得。他说,如果公司装有安全摄像头,或你的同事对你有意见,那么你这种在公司小偷小摸的行为会让自己很难看。在某些情况下,你可能要为丢失的物件埋单,甚至会被告上法庭。

一Scrub your digital footprint. Clear your browser cache, remove passwords to Web sites you use from work, such as your personal email or online bank account and delete any personal files on your work computer that aren't relevant to work. Don't delete anything work related if you're required to keep it.

抹去你的电子足迹。清空你的浏览器缓存,删去你在办公室登入个人邮箱或网上银行账户时输入的密码,并删除你电脑上任何与工作无关的个人文件。如果公司要求你保留一些工作文件的话,那么不要删掉它们。

—Be honest but remain positive. Be helpful during the exit interview but keep responses simple and professional. Don't use the session to lay blame or rant about the workplace. "Whatever you do, don't confess about how much you disliked working there," says Ms. Maslach. (4) "If you want to leave a helpful bit of advice or opinion, consider offering your expertise to your soon-to-be ex-boss...offer to be available to them for advice when they get in a rut."

诚实,但要保持正面姿态。在离职面谈中要表示愿意为公司提供帮助,但你的回答应力求简单而专业。不要在这个时候抱怨或斥责现在的这份工作。马斯拉奇说,你无论如何都不要明说自己有多么讨厌这份工作。 (4 )她说,如果你想留下一些有用的建议或看法,就把它们告诉即将成为你前老板的人吧…-告诉他们如果以后在工作中想听到建议的话,自己愿意伸出援手。

—Stay c1ose. Consider joining an employee alumni association, which often serves as a networking group for former employees. (5)It can be a good way to keep up with changes in the company and industry-and find leads to new jobs down the road. Keep in touch with coworkers you worked closely with; they may end up in management roles.

保持密切联系。考虑加入前雇员组成的小团体,建立一个联络平台。 (5)这是紧跟公司和行业变化的好办法,而且你还能并从中发现可能的工作机会。和你的前同事保持联系,因为他们日后有可能跻身管理层。

四六级句型讲解

1. Review your employee handbook or employment contract before announcing your decision,so you know what company policy is regarding resignations, severance, the return of company property and pay for unused vacation time. 

本句是一个复合句。 review your. ..your decision是一个祈使句。 so you know...是一个结果状语从句,后面what引导名词性从句 what company policy is作know的宾语。 regarding resignations.. .vacation time现在分词短语作状语。

语法重点:祈使句,名词性从句,分词短语作状语

2. If you haven't used vacation time and will lose it if you quit, you might want to use your time before leaving or link it to your resignation date. 

本句是一个复合句,主句是you might...resignation date。第一个If引导条件状语从句,其中还包含了另一个if引导的条件状语从句。

语法重点:条件状语从句

3. Two weeks advance notice is still standard but experts recommend offering more time if you've worked at the company for more than five years. 

本句是一个复合句,主句是two weeks advance notice is stil1 standard but experts recommend offering more time if引导条件状语从句。

语法重点:条件状语从句

4. "If you want to leave a helpful bit of advice or opinion. consider offering your expertise to your soon to-be ex-boss... offer to be available to them for advice when they get in a rut." 

本句是一个复合句,主句是一个祈使句consider. . .in a rut,其中包含了when引导的时间状语从句。 if引导条件状语从句。if引导时间状语从句,条件状语从句。 

语法重点:时间状语从句,条件状语从句

5. It can be a good way to keep up with changes in the company and industry -and find leads to new jobs down the road. 

本句是一个简单句。It是形式主语.真正的主语是后面的不定式短语to keep up...down the road。

语法重点:形式主语 



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